Коллективное и сознательное: институциональный взгляд на советское внешкольное образование
The article attempts to systematically consider the Soviet model of children’s extracurricular education, the creation of which is one of the most successful projects of the Soviet state. Despite the vast body of historical and methodological publications that reflect the history and evolution of Soviet extracurricular work, no attempt has yet been made to describe the model of Soviet extracurricular education itself. Based on historical and normative documents, the analysis of academic research in the context of an institutional approach, we offer our own interpretation of the model and its elements, as unified as possible and freed from the historical context and periods of development of the system. The research and the basics of the model can be considered starting points for research on the sector that occupies an important place in Russian education’s educational traditions and ecosystem.