Single-pixel camera with a large-area microstrip superconducting single photon detector on a multimode fiber
High sensitivity imaging at the level of single photons is an invaluable tool in many areas, ranging from microscopy to astronomy. However, development of single-photon sensitive detectors with high spatial resolution is very non-trivial. Here we employ the singlepixel imaging approach and demonstrate a proof-of-principle single-pixel single-photon imaging setup. We overcome the problem of low light gathering efficiency by developing a large-area microstrip superconducting single photon detector coupled to a multi-mode optical fiber interface. We show that the setup operates well in the visible and near infrared spectrum, and is able to capture images at the singlephoton level.
The dynamics of a two-component Davydov-Scott (DS) soliton with a small mismatch of the initial location or velocity of the high-frequency (HF) component was investigated within the framework of the Zakharov-type system of two coupled equations for the HF and low-frequency (LF) fields. In this system, the HF field is described by the linear Schrödinger equation with the potential generated by the LF component varying in time and space. The LF component in this system is described by the Korteweg-de Vries equation with a term of quadratic influence of the HF field on the LF field. The frequency of the DS soliton`s component oscillation was found analytically using the balance equation. The perturbed DS soliton was shown to be stable. The analytical results were confirmed by numerical simulations.
We demonstrate superconducting niobium nitride nanowires folded on top of lithium niobate substrate. We report of 6% system detection efficiency at 20 s-1 dark count rate at telecommunication wavelength (1550 nm). Our results shown great potential for the use of NbN nanowires in the field of linear and nonlinear integrated quantum photonics.
Measuring the thermal properties such as the heat capacity provide information about intrinsic mechanisms operated inside. In general, the ratio between electron and phonon specific heat Ce/Cp shows how the absorbed energy shared between electron and phonon subsystems. In this work we make estimations for amplitude-modulated absorption of THz radiation technique for investigation of the ratio Ce/Cp in superconducting Niobium Nitride (NbN) at T = Tc . Our results indicates that experimentally the frequency of modulation has to be extra large to extract the quantity. We perform a new technique allowed to work at low frequency with accurately measurement of absorbed power.
The research of ultrathin vanadium nitride (VN) films as a promising candidate for superconducting single-photon detectors (SSPD) is presented. The electron diffusivity measurements are performed for such devices. Devices that were fabricated out from 9.9 nm films had diffusivity coefficient of 0.41 cm2 /s and from 5.4 nm – 0.54 cm2 /s. Obtained values are similar to other typical SSPD materials. The diffusivity that increases along with decreasing of the film thickness is expected to allow fabrication of the devices with improved characteristics. Fabricated VN SSPDs showed prominent single-photon response in the range 0.9-1.55 µm
Generalized error-locating codes are discussed. An algorithm for calculation of the upper bound of the probability of erroneous decoding for known code parameters and the input error probability is given. Based on this algorithm, an algorithm for selection of the code parameters for a specified design and input and output error probabilities is constructed. The lower bound of the probability of erroneous decoding is given. Examples of the dependence of the probability of erroneous decoding on the input error probability are given and the behavior of the obtained curves is explained.
The conference “2021 Systems of signals generating and processing in the field of on board communications” is organized with technical sponsorship of Russian (Moscow) IEEE Circuits and Systems (CAS04) Chapter IEEE Region 8, Russian Section Chapter, MTT/ED and Institute of Radio and Information Systems Association (IRIS), Vienna, Austria. The conference featured invited researchers, educators, managers, and graduate students, whose research activity, case studies or best practices, are shedding light on the theory or practice of engineering, include modern digital transportation systems design and technical operation, radio waves propagation, transmitting, receiving and processing signals in television and radio broadcasting devices, information technologies in transport. The main areas of the conference “Systems of signals generating and processing in the field of on board communications” include modern digital transportation systems design and technical operation, radio waves propagation, transmitting, receiving and processing signals in television and radio broadcasting devices, information technologies in transport. FIELD OF INTEREST: Components, Circuits, Devices and Systems; General Topics for Engineers; Signal Processing and Analysis. Reports presented at the conference are grouped in 6 sections: 1. Antennas and Radio Waves Propagation. 2. Navigation and Mathematical Algorithms of an Object Space Orientation. 3. Radiofrequency Applications. 4. Wire and Optical Communication and Control Systems. 5. Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS): Sub-section 1: Use of digital ITS infrastructure in telematic control systems on urban passenger transport Sub-section 2: Peculiarities of data exchange in cooperative ITS Sub-section 3: Theoretical Aspects of Artificial Intelligence Systems Development for Transportation Engineering Sub-section 4: Test methods of motor vehicles integrated into an intelligent transport environment 6. Digital signal processing in on-board radio systems
This volume presents new results in the study and optimization of information transmission models in telecommunication networks using different approaches, mainly based on theiries of queueing systems and queueing networks .
The paper provides a number of proposed draft operational guidelines for technology measurement and includes a number of tentative technology definitions to be used for statistical purposes, principles for identification and classification of potentially growing technology areas, suggestions on the survey strategies and indicators. These are the key components of an internationally harmonized framework for collecting and interpreting technology data that would need to be further developed through a broader consultation process. A summary of definitions of technology already available in OECD manuals and the stocktaking results are provided in the Annex section.