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ГОРОД И МОНАСТЫРЬ: РАССКАЗЫ О ДАРЕНИИ ПИЩИ ИЗ ПАЛИЙСКОЙ ВИНАИ («СУТТАВИБХАНГА» И «МАХАВАГГА»)

Вестник древней истории. 2021. Т. 81/1. № 1. С. 62-79.
Александрова Н. В., Русанов М. А.

The compendium of rules of conduct for Buddhist monks and nuns known as Vinaya contains
a series of stories about ascetics who relied on alms to survive. These stories present a variety of
everyday situations that reflect the relations between the ancient Indian monastic community and
surrounding society. The article attempts to identify the problems causing concern to the compilers
of Vinaya-piṭaka and to show how various relationships between city and monastery contributed to
the formation of a new social hierarchy. Such an interest was manifested particularly in the urban
environment because the lack of overlap between social status and material well-being was most
sharply felt in that milieu.