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Судебный процесс в Джунгарском ханстве с участием иностранцев (по запискам И. С. Унковского)

Mongolica. 2021. Т. 24. № 1. С. 51-57.

The article is an analysis of the report of Ivan Unkovskiy, the ambassador of the Russian Empire in the Zunghar
Khanate in 1722–1723 devoted to the Oyrat trial with the participation of members of the Russian embassy.
This text allows author to reconstruct the basic elements of the judicial proceeding in the Zunghar Khanate including
its stages, status of participants, methods of gathering and evaluation of evidences, etc. This case also gives an opportunity for the comparative legal analysis of specific case and rules of court proceeding in the Oyrat law, especially in the code of laws Ikh Tsaaz (“Great Code”) of 1640 and two edicts of Galdan Boshughtu Khan of 1670s which supplemented it. Besides that, the specific feature of this case is a participation of foreigners in the trial. It allows to clarify the reasons of privileged status of Russian participants in contrast to less capable one of foreign subjects who also were under trial in the Zunghar Khanate.