Perpetrators of corporate crimes in commercial organizations in Italy and Russia
The purpose of this paper is dedicated to the features of subjects of official crimes in commercial organizations in accordance with the laws of Italy and Russia.
Based on the study of Russian and Italian legislation, it was revealed that the Italian criminal law provides for a more extensive system of the criminal law provisions on liability for corporate economic crimes.
These norms are in various normative legal acts (civil legislation, separate legislative acts). In the Russian criminal legislation, the norms in the sphere of corporate crimes in the sphere of economy are systematized and are located in a separate chapter of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation. At the same time, the list of acts for which liability is provided is significantly narrower than in the Italian criminal law.
In general, the institute of criminal liability for subjects of economic crimes with special features is adopted and developed as in the Russian criminal law as in the Italian criminal law. The existence of this institution shows the awareness by legislators of the increased danger to the society of such persons’ actions owing to the fact that the existence of the official status, special powers of certain duties or the lack of an appropriate indication on the contrary allows such a person to commit an act that is not available to other persons.