В поисках постулата (к 90-летию со дня рождения Ф.Т Михайлова)
Historical and philosophical subjects occupied a prominent place in papers of the famous Russian philosopher F.T. Mikhailov. They played the role of methodological guidelines for solving relevant problems of modern humanities.The first part of the article examines the original and undeservedly forgotten solution to the problem of apodictic knowledge proposed by the philosopher. This decision is connected with the revision several ideas about the nature of the subjectivity of science. It was given by F.T. Mikhailov relying on the Kantian and Marxist traditions.In the late period creativity, F.T. Mikhailov attempted to formulate apodictic postulates to build the foundations of a “general science of man,” while focusing on Spinoza’s methodological tradition. The effectiveness of such approaches has been confirmed by the development of a new theory of personality. However, was the Spinozian orientation uncontested in resolving all aspects of the problem raised? It is shown that in dealing with a number of issues, appeals to the methodological potential of Hegel and late Fichte could be more justified.