Culture as antecedent of national innovation performance: Evidence from neo-configurational perspective
As an exogenous antecedent of national innovation performance, culture has been receiving significant attention in cross-cultural research. However, relying primarily on Hofstede’s framework of national culture, this research has so far been predominantly inclined to treating culture as a collection of independent dimensions, thereby ignoring the complex notion of culture profiles that refer to distinctive patterns of interrelated dimensions, which cannot be considered in isolation, but only in combination. Employing the lens of neo-configurational theory and with the support of the fuzzy-set Qualitative Comparative Analysis (fsQCA), the present study aims to fill this gap by exploring how multiple Hofstede’s dimensions interact and combine to influence national innovation performance. In this way, this study goes beyond the existing theory and empirical evidence about the relationship between distinctive culture profiles and innovation performance at national level, while broadening our understanding more generally about how to conceptualize and operationalize culture in business research.
The article discusses the new organizational form of the activity of a regional industrial complex in the form of a system and structure that provide for the interaction of innovation-active enterprises and venture investors on the market.
The paper is devoted the consideration of problems and their solution set and proposed by “The Strategy of Innovation Development of the Russian Federation for Period to 2020” (“Innovative Russia 2020”). The principles of The Strategy and stages of its realization, the model of coordination of interaction of blocks of national innovation system is investigated in accordance with the theory and practice of modern innovation development. It is shown that The Strategy is based on an attempt to establish the state administration management of innovation processes by means of integration of large business and bureaucracy. The danger and risks of realization of this approach for Russia development are investigated. The paper contrasts this approach with one based on building modern national innovation system. In the center this national innovation system there are independent enterprises absorbed in market environment, that are cooperated with institutes creating, distributing and storing knowledge. In the system, the state is considered as a catalyst and a partner of innovation processes, but not their administrator.
The book includes materials of the Eighth International Conference The Phenomenon of Creative Person in Culture: in Honor of Prof. Fatyuschenko (Faculty of Foreign Languages and Area Studies, Moscow State University, 26–27 October 2018). The theme of the conference reflects the special research direction developed by the Department of Comparative Literature and Culture (http://www.ffl.msu.ru/faculty/departments/literatures-and-cultures/), aimed to examine the phenomenon of creative personality through the prism of Russian and world literature. The subject headings of the edition represent the names of sections, thus displaying the specific range of problems discussed by the participants.
Chapter 6 presents an analysis of Russian innovation system accompanied by an overview of state science, technology and innovation (STI) policy practice.
The authors cover the most urgent institutional cleavages, including the split-offs of science and industry, issues of institutional model of the R&D sector, sectoral discrepancies and regional polarization.
An outline of STI policy framework evolution is presented, including the most recent Strategy for Socio-Economic Development of Russia till 2020 topics. A special regard is paid to linkage-stimulating policy instruments, including grants for joint research for Universities, R&D organisations and companies, technology platforms, regional innovation clusters program and elaboration of innovation development plans for state-owned companies.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.
портовый менеджмент, показатели деятельности, анализ эффективности, система учета, распределение издержек, методы анализа деятельности портовой системы
At present many industries reveal tendency for setting up of vertically integrated companies (VIC) the structure of which unites all technological processes. This tendency proved its efficiency in oil industry where coordination of all successive stages of technological process, namely, oil prospecting and production -oil transportation - oil processing - oil chemistry - oil products and oil chemicals marketing, is necessary. The article considers specific features of introduction of "personnel management" module at enterprises of oil and gas industry.
vertically integrated companies; personnel management