МЕХАНИЗМ ОБЕСПЕЧЕНИЯ ИННОВАЦИОННОГО ВОСПРОИЗВОДСТВА В СЕЛЬСКОМ ХОЗЯЙСТВЕ НОВОСИБИРСКОЙ ОБЛАСТИ
The acceleration of the development of science and technology in recent decades requires a change in approaches to the formation and implementation of state innovation policy. In developed countries, more than 80% of economic growth is provided by innovative development of economic sectors. The progressive development of agricultural production is also conditioned by the implementation of scientific and technical achievements through their testing and development in production. In modern conditions, improving the efficiency of domestic agricultural production and product competitiveness is impossible on the basis of morally and physically outdated technologies. We need a comprehensive modernization of the industry on an innovative basis. The article clarifies the theoretical foundations of innovative reproduction in agriculture, as well as the mechanism of state support for the transition of agricultural producers to innovative reproduction. Agricultural producers should be compensated for part of the costs of the entire range of measures for the transition to innovative reproduction, that is, a comprehensive interdepartmental subsidy should be provided.
The authors analyzed the current situation in the field of regulation of prices and tariffs, problems of enterprise infrastructure industries and areas for improvement of State regulations. It is concluded that the inclusion of accrued pension funds SPC in the process of investing in infrastructure enterprises should contribute to the development of infrastructure, and improve the reliability and quality of services provided. The authors also propose a mechanism that guarantees profitability of SPC investments in infrastructure enterprises. Such a mechanism could be implemented through a system of State regulation of tariffs for services of infrastructure industries.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.
The paper studies a problem of optimal insurer’s choice of a risk-sharing policy in a dynamic risk model, so-called Cramer-Lundberg process, over infinite time interval. Additional constraints are imposed on residual risks of insureds: on mean value or with probability one. An optimal control problem of minimizing a functional of the form of variation coefficient is solved. We show that: in the first case the optimum is achieved at stop loss insurance policies, in the second case the optimal insurance is a combination of stop loss and deductible policies. It is proved that the obtained results can be easily applied to problems with other optimization criteria: maximization of long-run utility and minimization of probability of a deviation from mean trajectory.