Dielectric surrounding bleaches the optical bond between a microdisk resonator and a straight optical waveguide
We performed a numerical study of a surrounding medium influence on coupling efficiency between a microdisk resonator supporting optical whispering gallery modes and a straight optical waveguide. Quality factors of the modes and relative optical power coupled to the waveguide were calculated using COMSOL Multiphysics environment. It was shown that the most efficient coupling takes place when propagation constants of the modes of the microdisk and the waveguide match. The coupling can be significantly strengthened by increasing the index of the surrounding medium.
In this paper software package for numerical modeling of transformation and propagation of internal gravity waves (IGW) in the World Ocean is presented. Short overview of implemented numerical models is given. They are: extended nonlinear evolutionary equation of Korteveg-de-Vries type with combined nonlinearity with variable coefficients (Gardner equation) and ray model reproducing the effect of refraction in an IGW package. The developed software package is unique and topical for this class of geophysical applications. Description of user interface and main working modes of the software are presented.
Lasers based on semiconductor whispering gallery mode (WGM) resonators represent a perfect platform for active small footprint high-sensitive devices for biodetection. Biochemical samples typically require aqueous solution, and the resonator should be placed into a cuvette with water or in a microfluidic chip. The characteristics of modern semiconductor WGM lasers with an active region based on InAs/InGaAs quantum dots (QDs) make them promising for creating compact highly sensitive devices for biodetection. Deep localization of carriers in InAs/InGaAs QDs and suppressed lateral migration helps us to obtain room-temperature lasing in microdisk lasers immersed in an aqueous medium. In this work, we studied the sensitivity of the microdisk laser resonance spectral position to the refractive index of the surrounding material by changing the salinity of the water solution. We also successfully detected model proteins (secondary antibodies attached to the microdisk surface) via measurement of the lasing threshold power. The proteinprotein interaction on the microdisk surface manifests itself by an increase in the laser threshold power. Thus, in this work we demonstrated, for the first time, the possibility of using QD semiconductor microdisk lasers for detection of proteins in a microfluidic device.
The physical-mathematical model of the sensors block of space radiation fluxes parameters monitoring module has been developed. The simulation of the sensors block output has been carried out using the series of the spectra representing space radiation spectra at different spaceship orbits in different phases of the solar activity cycle. The optimisation of the sensors block of space radiation fluxes parameters monitoring module has been carried out based on the simulation results.
Purpose: Numerical modeling of internal baroclinic disturbances of different shapes in a model lake with variable depth, analysis of velocity field of wave-induced current, especially in the near-bed layer.
Approach: The study is carried out with the use of numerical full nonlinear nonhydrostatic model for stratified fluid.
Findings: The full nonlinear numerical modeling of internal wave dynamics in a stratified lake is carried out. The calculated distributions of near-bed velocities are analyzed; the significance of 3D effects for the velocity fields is emphasized; the regions of maximal (where internal waves are the main driving factor for sediment resuspension and erosion processes on the bed) and minimal velocities are marked out.
Originality: The results are new and can have practical application for many applied problems, especially ecological and economical, concerned with the processes of propagation of natural and anthropogenic pollutions in natural basins and the investigation of water quality, as well as with influence upon engineering structures and sediment transport.
We show that using dense arrays of InGaAs quantum well-dots enables uncooled high-frequency applications with a GHz-range bandwidth. A maximum 3-dB modulation frequency of about 6 GHz was found. The K-limited maximal frequency of 13 GHz was estimated from the modulation response analysis. The experimental values of the energy-todata reaches 1.5 pJ/bit for the smallest diameter under study (10 μm). A 23 μm in diameter microlaser exhibits open eye diagram up to 12.5 Gbit/s and is capable of error-free 10 Gbit/s data transmission at 30ºC without temperature stabilization. Our results demonstrate the potential to achieve miniature high-speed on-chip light sources for optical communication applications using lasers with a diameter of only a few micrometers.
The dynamics of a two-component Davydov-Scott (DS) soliton with a small mismatch of the initial location or velocity of the high-frequency (HF) component was investigated within the framework of the Zakharov-type system of two coupled equations for the HF and low-frequency (LF) fields. In this system, the HF field is described by the linear Schrödinger equation with the potential generated by the LF component varying in time and space. The LF component in this system is described by the Korteweg-de Vries equation with a term of quadratic influence of the HF field on the LF field. The frequency of the DS soliton`s component oscillation was found analytically using the balance equation. The perturbed DS soliton was shown to be stable. The analytical results were confirmed by numerical simulations.
Radiation conditions are described for various space regions, radiation-induced effects in spacecraft materials and equipment components are considered and information on theoretical, computational, and experimental methods for studying radiation effects are presented. The peculiarities of radiation effects on nanostructures and some problems related to modeling and radiation testing of such structures are considered.
The paper provides a number of proposed draft operational guidelines for technology measurement and includes a number of tentative technology definitions to be used for statistical purposes, principles for identification and classification of potentially growing technology areas, suggestions on the survey strategies and indicators. These are the key components of an internationally harmonized framework for collecting and interpreting technology data that would need to be further developed through a broader consultation process. A summary of definitions of technology already available in OECD manuals and the stocktaking results are provided in the Annex section.