Жанры диалога "дуйвэнь" и "дуй" в трактате Лю Се "Резной дракон литературной мысли". Перевод XIV и XXIV глав трактата Лю Се.
The article aims at verification of one of one of the hypotheses of the literary interpretation of the traditional concept of “wen” (“elegance”) in early medieval Chinese literature. Treatise “Wen xin diao long” (“The Literary Mind and the Carving of Dragons”) by Liu Xie (ca. 460‒522) occupies an exceptional place among the sources for studies of traditional Chinese literature typology and, in particular, its early medieval period. It is generally accepted that in 20 chapters of the treatise Liu Xie described contemporary literature as an ordered system of genres based on aesthetic principles of elegance (“wen”) and plainness (“bi”) that could be consequently interpreted in terms of their form. The translation of the two chapters was made to verify this thesis, and the descriptions of the two dialogue genres in “Wen xin diao long” were compared. They are “duiwen” (answer to a question) in Chapter XIV “Za wen” (“Mixed Works”) presumably from the category of “the fine literature” (“wen”) and “dui” (examination answer to the question posed in a special imperial decree) in Chapter XXIV “Yi dui” (“Meeting and answer”) from the ordinary, or plain literature (bi) category. To identify features of the genres, historical material and preserved texts were used. The analysis revealed that stylistic features of the works (rhyme, parallel phrases) were not essential for their attribution to one or another genre. Other significant genre features have been indicated. The author of the article notes the shortcomings of the modern interpretation of some passages from the text of Liu Xie, which either indicate the inconsistency of his approach, or the imperfection of existing translations into modern languages.
The article concerns the novels by Norman Mailer written in 1980-2000. It considers the main themes and problems of the works studied. Social and cultural context of the books is distinguished as one of the most significant in Mailer's controversial poetics. The writer intended both to follow and to transform traditions of literature of realism and postmodernism.
The paper considers the structure of discourse referred to as text and a unit of the highest level of language. According to the idea that language and thought are inseparable in their interaction, we propose describing the syntactic matrix of discourse in terms of the communicative structure of sentences as its constituent parts.
The status of business economic discourse is defined with the use of the French language material in the article below. Modus and submodus implementation is identified (spoken, written, electronic mail) and its genre typology is developed.
The book considers the main stages of development of the leading genre of the world and English literature, based on the example of a number of English novelists of the XIX - XXI centuries. The chapters of the monograph, written by scholars of British literature from Moscow, Minsk, Yekaterinburg, Vladivostok, Kazan, Oxford, Saratov, Ufa and Perm, analyze the artistic originality of selected works of Jane Austen, Charles Dickens, Anthony Trollope, George Eliot, Thomas Hardy, Virginia Woolf, D.H. Lawrence, Evelyn Waugn, Graham Green, Iris Murdock, Hilary Mantel and others. The book demonstrates the functioning of the English novel tradition, creatively and innovatively developed by English novelists over two centuries. The chapters provide an in-depth analysis of a number of works that have played a pivotal role in the dynamism of the English and world novelism. The monograph is intended for literary scholars, students, Master and graduate students as well as for everyone interested in English literature. It can be a teaching aid when reading courses in the history of English literature and the history of the English novel.
The study is dedicated to the corpus of texts of the XV-XVII centuries – the socalled Obihodniki (Ordinaries), books of ordinaries, charters, dininig ordinaries, and other works that organize the life of a Russian monastery. The variety of topics of these works (from statutory guidelines governing services and the prayer rules of the monastery, to recommendations for the management and accounting of monastic property), the purpose and application of these texts make these monuments a valuable source for studying such fields as the history of Russian literary language, historical stylistics of the Russian language, historical lexicology and historical morphology of the Russian language.
Recently there has been a significant amount of research in the fields of discourse and genre. However, a more complete description of the genre peculiarities of political discourse is needed, which is why in this article one more genre of political discourse is singled out – the genre of president’s victory speech.
The functional description of inaugural addresses made by Sheygal E.I. serves as a basis of the description in question. The comparative analysis of two genres – the inaugural address and the victory speech – is carried out. It has turned out that both genres are similar in the following functions: integrative, inspirative and performative. In addition, the list of the shared functions can be extended by an interdiscursive function, which consists in implicit and explicit referring to predecessors’ discourses and in appealing to common knowledge shared by the author and the audience.
Nevertheless, a number of differences between two genres in question can be seen. For example, following the Sheygal’s ideas, inaugural addresses also fulfill a declarative function as they contain a considerable amount of didactic information. In contrast, victory speeches are characterized by a more significant degree of expressivity, which gives decisive influence on stylistic characteristic of words. That is why one can single out the expressive function of victory speeches.
The overview on the functions of victory speeches and inaugural addresses is supported by examples taken from Barack Obama’s discourse.
Abstract. This article describes a mathematical model designed to predict the box office of movies. The model is based on a neural network trained on data about films obtained from open sources. Computer experiments were performed by the method of “freezing”: with the help of a neural network calculations were performed with a gradual change in the value of one of the input parameters of the model, while the remaining input parameters were not changed. It is established that the size of the film budget has the greatest impact on the amount of box office among all other input parameters. However, its impact is not always positive. It is established that the United States, as a country that takes part in the production of the film, is able to have the greatest impact on box office compared to other countries. According to the research the duration of the film to varying degrees can affect the amount of box office. Moreover, the power of influence depends on such a factor as the genre of the film. As a rule, the power of this influence increases with the increasing semantic load of the film. The practical value of the study is that the created mathematical model can be used to optimize costs when planning the production of new films.
The book examines the electronic hypertext structure in the aspect of the theory of speech genres. Electronic hypertext is presented as a set of functionally integral unit, within which the text line to enter different types of relationships. The book analyzes the linguistic realization of links in the network blog community "Vladivostok", according to this description is made of a particular genre of computer-mediated communication. The book is addressed to specialists in the field of linguistics dealing with the problems of text linguistics, discourse, and computer-mediated communication. It will be interesting for students and graduate students of philological faculties, as well as a wide range of readers interested in the creation of the user interface, hypertext structures of various genres.
The paper is focused on the study of reaction of italian literature critics on the publication of the Boris Pasternak's novel "Doctor Jivago". The analysys of the book ""Doctor Jivago", Pasternak, 1958, Italy" (published in Russian language in "Reka vremen", 2012, in Moscow) is given. The papers of italian writers, critics and historians of literature, who reacted immediately upon the publication of the novel (A. Moravia, I. Calvino, F.Fortini, C. Cassola, C. Salinari ecc.) are studied and analised.
In the article the patterns of the realization of emotional utterances in dialogic and monologic speech are described. The author pays special attention to the characteristic features of the speech of a speaker feeling psychic tension and to the compositional-pragmatic peculiarities of dialogic and monologic text.