Multiband Material with a Quasi-1D Band as a Robust High-Temperature Superconductor
It is well known that superconductivity in quasi-one-dimensional (Q1D) materials is hindered by large fluctuations of the order parameter. They reduce the critical temperature and can even destroy the superconductivity altogether. Here it is demonstrated that the situation changes dramatically when a Q1D pair condensate is coupled to a higher-dimensional stable one, as in recently discovered multiband Q1D superconductors. The fluctuations are suppressed even by vanishingly small pair-exchange coupling between different band condensates and the superconductor is well described by the mean field theory. In this case the low dimensionality effects enhance the coherence of the system instead of suppressing it. As a result, the critical temperature of the multiband Q1D superconductor can increase by orders of magnitude when the system is tuned to the Lifshitz transition with the Fermi level close to the edge of the Q1D band.
A combination of strong Cooper pairing and weak superconducting fluctuations is crucial to achieve and
stabilize high-Tc superconductivity. We demonstrate that a coexistence of a shallow carrier band with strong
pairing and a deep band with weak pairing, together with the Josephson-like pair transfer between the bands to
couple the two condensates, realizes an optimal multicomponent superconductivity regime: it preserves strong
pairing to generate large gaps and a very high critical temperature but screens the detrimental superconducting
fluctuations, thereby suppressing the pseudogap state. Surprisingly, we find that the screening is very efficient
even when the interband coupling is very small. Thus, a multiband superconductor with a coherent mixture
of condensates in the BCS regime (deep band) and in the BCS-BEC crossover regime (shallow band) offers a
promising route to higher critical temperatures.
The dynamics of a two-component Davydov-Scott (DS) soliton with a small mismatch of the initial location or velocity of the high-frequency (HF) component was investigated within the framework of the Zakharov-type system of two coupled equations for the HF and low-frequency (LF) fields. In this system, the HF field is described by the linear Schrödinger equation with the potential generated by the LF component varying in time and space. The LF component in this system is described by the Korteweg-de Vries equation with a term of quadratic influence of the HF field on the LF field. The frequency of the DS soliton`s component oscillation was found analytically using the balance equation. The perturbed DS soliton was shown to be stable. The analytical results were confirmed by numerical simulations.
Radiation conditions are described for various space regions, radiation-induced effects in spacecraft materials and equipment components are considered and information on theoretical, computational, and experimental methods for studying radiation effects are presented. The peculiarities of radiation effects on nanostructures and some problems related to modeling and radiation testing of such structures are considered.