Odd supersymmetric Kronecker elliptic function and Yang–Baxter equations
We introduce an odd supersymmetric version of the Kronecker elliptic function. It satisfies the genus one Fay identity and supersymmetric version of the heat equation. As an application, we construct odd supersymmetric extensions of the elliptic R-matrices, which satisfy the classical and the associative Yang–Baxter equations.
As is well known, the two-parameter Todd genus and the elliptic functions of level d define n-multiplicative Hirzebruch genera if d divides n + 1. Both cases are special cases of the Krichever genera defined by the Baker–Akhiezer function. In the present paper, the inverse problem is solved. Namely, it is proved that only these properties define n-multiplicative Hirzebruch genera among all Krichever genera for all n.
Leading logarithms in massless nonrenormalizable effective field theories can be computed using nonlinear recurrence relations. These recurrence relations follow from the fundamental requirements of unitarity, analyticity, and crossing symmetry of scattering amplitudes and generalize the renormalization group technique to the case of nonrenormalizable effective field theories. We review the existing exact solutions of nonlinear recurrence relations relevant for field theory applications. We introduce a new class of quantum field theories (quasirenormalizable field theories) in which resumming leading logarithms for 2→2 scattering amplitudes yields a possibly infinite number of Landau poles.
The theory of elliptic integrals and elliptic functions, which were driving force of mathematics in the eighteenth and nineteents centuries, are not only beautiful but have many applications in mathematics and physics. This simple reader-friendly book, based on the lectures at the Faculty of Mathematics, HSE, explains such theory and applications in original way.
A model for organizing cargo transportation between two node stations connected by a railway line which contains a certain number of intermediate stations is considered. The movement of cargo is in one direction. Such a situation may occur, for example, if one of the node stations is located in a region which produce raw material for manufacturing industry located in another region, and there is another node station. The organization of freight traﬃc is performed by means of a number of technologies. These technologies determine the rules for taking on cargo at the initial node station, the rules of interaction between neighboring stations, as well as the rule of distribution of cargo to the ﬁnal node stations. The process of cargo transportation is followed by the set rule of control. For such a model, one must determine possible modes of cargo transportation and describe their properties. This model is described by a ﬁnite-dimensional system of diﬀerential equations with nonlocal linear restrictions. The class of the solution satisfying nonlocal linear restrictions is extremely narrow. It results in the need for the “correct” extension of solutions of a system of diﬀerential equations to a class of quasi-solutions having the distinctive feature of gaps in a countable number of points. It was possible numerically using the Runge–Kutta method of the fourth order to build these quasi-solutions and determine their rate of growth. Let us note that in the technical plan the main complexity consisted in obtaining quasi-solutions satisfying the nonlocal linear restrictions. Furthermore, we investigated the dependence of quasi-solutions and, in particular, sizes of gaps (jumps) of solutions on a number of parameters of the model characterizing a rule of control, technologies for transportation of cargo and intensity of giving of cargo on a node station.