Decrease in early right alpha band phase synchronization and late gamma band oscillations in processing syntax in music
The present study investigated the neural correlates associated with the processing of music‐syntactical irregularities as compared with regular syntactic structures in music. Previous studies reported an early (∼200 ms) right anterior negative component (ERAN) by traditional event‐related‐potential analysis during music‐syntactical irregularities, yet little is known about the underlying oscillatory and synchronization properties of brain responses which are supposed to play a crucial role in general cognition including music perception. First we showed that the ERAN was primarily represented by low frequency (<8 Hz) brain oscillations. Further, we found that music‐syntactical irregularities as compared with music‐syntactical regularities, were associated with (i) an early decrease in the alpha band (9–10 Hz) phase synchronization between right fronto‐central and left temporal brain regions, and (ii) a late (∼500 ms) decrease in gamma band (38–50 Hz) oscillations over fronto‐central brain regions. These results indicate a weaker degree of long‐range integration when the musical expectancy is violated. In summary, our results reveal neural mechanisms of music‐syntactic processing that operate at different levels of cortical integration, ranging from early decrease in long‐range alpha phase synchronization to late local gamma oscillations.
F. Werfel about G. Verdi (based on the composition «Verdi. Novel of the opera») (by Zusman V. G., Zusman N. D.). In this paper the cultural opposition «Verdi - Wagner» is discussed. The opposition is described by the Austrian writer Franz Werfel in his «Verdi. Novel of the opera». Werfel compares the artistic world and the personality of the Italian composer Giuseppe Verdi with the German composer Richard Wagner. The author comes to conclusion, that the principle of melody, the power of an individual human voice expressed in the music of Verdi are much more important than the combined force of the instruments in the orchestra of Wagner.
The article focusses on the matters of music and musicality and the means used by poets to create it. The ways of creating the music effects in verse are identified and described. The peculiriar functioning of sound and sence in poetry is illustrated with the close analysis of Marina Tsvetaeva's poem "I have opened my veins..."
The present volume contains 17 articles based on papers selected from the list of more than 50 presentations presented at the Second Workshop on Language, Music, and Computing. The papers went through a thorough double-blind peer-review process. The volume is divided into five blocks, each of which covers a distinct subtopic: the universal grammar of music, the parallelism between music and singing, language as music, technical aspects of computational study of both language and music, and formalizing the informal. The following is a brief overview of the contributions and their impact on the field.
Alchemical themes in one form or another have penetrated into various aspects of modern life. In our paper we will focus on modern music, taking for example the work of the famous Russian group "Orgy of righteous" and its leader Sergey Kalugin. Kalugin himself was personally acquainted with Evgeny Golovin and has undergone considerable influence of Golovin’s circle and creatively transformed these influences. The stages of his poetic and musical activities Kalugin divides in alchemical manner: first initial stage – Nigredo; second, lasting until now – Albedo. Alchemical motifs are richly represented in many songs of the group both indirectly (for example, "Path of the Crow"), and directly (for example, "Royal wedding", which is a musical variation of "Chemical wedding..." by J. Andrea). The paper suggests an analysis of the lyrics and the ideological background of the songs
The links between culture and communication are undeniable, complex, and ever-evolving. An emphasis of cultural discourse studies has been on bringing together the differing ways to study communication and culture, with a particular focus on how local and global cultures interact in the process of globalization (Shi-Xu 2016). It is the globalization of music, particularly rap and hip-hop, that Flew, Ryan, and Su (2019) analyzed in the Chinese context. Drawing on KraidyLs (2005) hybridity theory, Flew, Ryan, and Su (2019) addressed how rap and hip-hop have developed into a hybrid musical and cultural genre in China, using the Chinese television programme The Rap of China as a case study.
This paper focuses on problems of fixing and research of folk music. The study of traditional music is not possible using only musical recordings made with European notation system as tuning of traditional music can be different from that of modern European music. In the case of Viet and Muong folk music, for example, records in European notation can not represent microalteration. In addition, vocal techniques and timbre characteristics also are important objects of research, but research of this kind is impossible when using only hearing. Modern methods of analysis of the audio material can determine with high accuracy audio frequency, as well as can help in analysis of the rhythm and timbre characteristics
The distractive effects on attentional task performance in different paradigms are analyzed in this paper. I demonstrate how distractors may negatively affect (interference effect), positively (redundancy effect) or neutrally (null effect). Distractor effects described in literature are classified in accordance with their hypothetical source. The general rule of the theory is also introduced. It contains the formal prediction of the particular distractor effect, based on entropy and redundancy measures from the mathematical theory of communication (Shannon, 1948). Single- vs dual-process frameworks are considered for hypothetical mechanisms which underpin the distractor effects. Distractor profiles (DPs) are also introduced for the formalization and simple visualization of experimental data concerning the distractor effects. Typical shapes of DPs and their interpretations are discussed with examples from three frequently cited experiments. Finally, the paper introduces hierarchical hypothesis that states the level-fashion modulating interrelations between distractor effects of different classes.
This article describes the expierence of studying factors influencing the social well-being of educational migrants as mesured by means of a psychological well-being scale (A. Perrudet-Badoux, G.A. Mendelsohn, J.Chiche, 1988) previously adapted for Russian by M.V. Sokolova. A statistical analysis of the scale's reliability is performed. Trends in dynamics of subjective well-being are indentified on the basis the correlations analysis between the condbtbions of adaptation and its success rate, and potential mechanisms for developing subjective well-being among student migrants living in student hostels are described. Particular attention is paid to commuting as a factor of adaptation.