Revisiting Lukacs’ theory ´of realism
This paper focuses on Georg Lukacs, for it is in his work, and the attendant debates and ´ disagreements, that an entire constellation of questions around Realism is first compellingly formulated. The purpose of the paper is to revisit Lukacs’ theory of realism as ´ a response to a host of mainstream currents shaping the landscape of Continental philosophy in the first three decades of the 20th century. Particular attention is paid to the problem of form and truth at the core of Lukacs’ theory of realism.
The article concerns the novels by Norman Mailer written in 1980-2000. It considers the main themes and problems of the works studied. Social and cultural context of the books is distinguished as one of the most significant in Mailer's controversial poetics. The writer intended both to follow and to transform traditions of literature of realism and postmodernism.
The paper considers the structure of discourse referred to as text and a unit of the highest level of language. According to the idea that language and thought are inseparable in their interaction, we propose describing the syntactic matrix of discourse in terms of the communicative structure of sentences as its constituent parts.
The book considers the main stages of development of the leading genre of the world and English literature, based on the example of a number of English novelists of the XIX - XXI centuries. The chapters of the monograph, written by scholars of British literature from Moscow, Minsk, Yekaterinburg, Vladivostok, Kazan, Oxford, Saratov, Ufa and Perm, analyze the artistic originality of selected works of Jane Austen, Charles Dickens, Anthony Trollope, George Eliot, Thomas Hardy, Virginia Woolf, D.H. Lawrence, Evelyn Waugn, Graham Green, Iris Murdock, Hilary Mantel and others. The book demonstrates the functioning of the English novel tradition, creatively and innovatively developed by English novelists over two centuries. The chapters provide an in-depth analysis of a number of works that have played a pivotal role in the dynamism of the English and world novelism. The monograph is intended for literary scholars, students, Master and graduate students as well as for everyone interested in English literature. It can be a teaching aid when reading courses in the history of English literature and the history of the English novel.
The study is dedicated to the corpus of texts of the XV-XVII centuries – the socalled Obihodniki (Ordinaries), books of ordinaries, charters, dininig ordinaries, and other works that organize the life of a Russian monastery. The variety of topics of these works (from statutory guidelines governing services and the prayer rules of the monastery, to recommendations for the management and accounting of monastic property), the purpose and application of these texts make these monuments a valuable source for studying such fields as the history of Russian literary language, historical stylistics of the Russian language, historical lexicology and historical morphology of the Russian language.
Recently there has been a significant amount of research in the fields of discourse and genre. However, a more complete description of the genre peculiarities of political discourse is needed, which is why in this article one more genre of political discourse is singled out – the genre of president’s victory speech.
The functional description of inaugural addresses made by Sheygal E.I. serves as a basis of the description in question. The comparative analysis of two genres – the inaugural address and the victory speech – is carried out. It has turned out that both genres are similar in the following functions: integrative, inspirative and performative. In addition, the list of the shared functions can be extended by an interdiscursive function, which consists in implicit and explicit referring to predecessors’ discourses and in appealing to common knowledge shared by the author and the audience.
Nevertheless, a number of differences between two genres in question can be seen. For example, following the Sheygal’s ideas, inaugural addresses also fulfill a declarative function as they contain a considerable amount of didactic information. In contrast, victory speeches are characterized by a more significant degree of expressivity, which gives decisive influence on stylistic characteristic of words. That is why one can single out the expressive function of victory speeches.
The overview on the functions of victory speeches and inaugural addresses is supported by examples taken from Barack Obama’s discourse.
Abstract. This article describes a mathematical model designed to predict the box office of movies. The model is based on a neural network trained on data about films obtained from open sources. Computer experiments were performed by the method of “freezing”: with the help of a neural network calculations were performed with a gradual change in the value of one of the input parameters of the model, while the remaining input parameters were not changed. It is established that the size of the film budget has the greatest impact on the amount of box office among all other input parameters. However, its impact is not always positive. It is established that the United States, as a country that takes part in the production of the film, is able to have the greatest impact on box office compared to other countries. According to the research the duration of the film to varying degrees can affect the amount of box office. Moreover, the power of influence depends on such a factor as the genre of the film. As a rule, the power of this influence increases with the increasing semantic load of the film. The practical value of the study is that the created mathematical model can be used to optimize costs when planning the production of new films.
The book examines the electronic hypertext structure in the aspect of the theory of speech genres. Electronic hypertext is presented as a set of functionally integral unit, within which the text line to enter different types of relationships. The book analyzes the linguistic realization of links in the network blog community "Vladivostok", according to this description is made of a particular genre of computer-mediated communication. The book is addressed to specialists in the field of linguistics dealing with the problems of text linguistics, discourse, and computer-mediated communication. It will be interesting for students and graduate students of philological faculties, as well as a wide range of readers interested in the creation of the user interface, hypertext structures of various genres.