The moderating role of national culture in the relationship between university entrepreneurship offerings and student start-up activity: an embeddedness perspective
Student proclivity to start a venture can be affected not only by the university environment where they are exposed to entrepreneurship, but also by perceptions of how desirable entrepreneurial behavior is considered to be in a given society. Based on an embeddedness perspective, and using a sample of students from 26 countries and 489 universities, evidence is produced of significant positive relationships between both curricular and co‐curricular programing and student start‐up activities, with specific cultural dimensions moderating these impacts. University seed funds for students negatively impact the scope of start‐up activities. Implications are drawn for educators and policy makers.
Institutional voids plague entrepreneurship in emerging economies. In this paper, we investigate how the social structure of the family can enable young entrepreneurs to navigate the institutional voids and progress through the venturing process. Findings suggest that both institutional voids and family support have a significant effect on startup activities, and that family financial support helps absorb the negative influence of capital market voids. Our study begins to explain the relationship between institutional voids and family support, thereby contributing to the ongoing development of institutional theory in an emerging economy context and to the literature on family influences on entrepreneurship.
Entrepreneurial entry happens as a consequence of a general choice of an individual to become an entrepreneur. While most entrepreneurial entry studies rarely consider an industry choice to be an aspect of entrepreneurial decision making process, we address this issue taking into account individual, industrial, and country specific attributes. Using data from the Global University Entrepreneurial Spirit Students’ Survey (2013–2014) on young nascent entrepreneurs and extending it with objective indicators derived from World Bank, Global Entrepreneurship Monitor, and International Property Rights Index datasets, we investigate how various factors impact the choice between knowledge-intensive and capital-intensive industries. Drawing on the RBV and contingency approach, we link an industry choice to the level of human capital development and access to financial capital testing for possible country-specific moderation effects. Our study contributes to entrepreneurial entry research stream extending the understanding of entrepreneurial entry decision making nuances related to individual access to resources and both industryand country-level contingencies.
Existing studies conceptualize entrepreneurial action as deliberate, goal-oriented behavior, driven primarily by entrepreneurial intention. Yet, the translation of intention into entrepreneurial behavior remains the least studied link in models explaining entrepreneurial action. Empirical evidence suggests that not every entrepreneurial intention is eventually transformed into actual entrepreneurial action, indicating a tangible intention-action gap. Using data from two waves of the multi-country Global University Entrepreneurial Spirit Students' survey (GUESSS) conducted in 2011 and 2013/2014, we study the entrepreneurial intention-action gap among university students, demonstrating that the translation of intention into action is context-specific. We find that core aspects of national culture influence the association between entrepreneurial intention and subsequent action. Implications are discussed.
At present many industries reveal tendency for setting up of vertically integrated companies (VIC) the structure of which unites all technological processes. This tendency proved its efficiency in oil industry where coordination of all successive stages of technological process, namely, oil prospecting and production -oil transportation - oil processing - oil chemistry - oil products and oil chemicals marketing, is necessary. The article considers specific features of introduction of "personnel management" module at enterprises of oil and gas industry.
vertically integrated companies; personnel management
портовый менеджмент, показатели деятельности, анализ эффективности, система учета, распределение издержек, методы анализа деятельности портовой системы