Институциональные факторы политического доверия в современной России
The aim of this study is to analyze and assess the impact of institutional factors on political trust in various levels of government (federal, regional and local) in modern Russia.
Data and methods. The study is based on microdata from the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) “Life in Transition Survey” (LiTS). We examined such institutional factors of political trust as perceived government performance and level of corruption, as well as the level of interpersonal trust. The subjective decile of household wealth was an additional explanatory variable in our analysis. We estimated the model parameters using linear regressions with instrumental variables.
Results and their application. First, we found that in 2016 the perceived effectiveness of the federal government was the main determinant of Russian trust in the president. At the same time, the perceived level of local corruption was a major factor of Russian citizens' (mis)trust in local authorities. Second, we found that poor households turned out to be the most loyal groups of the population towards the Russian president, and we explained this phenomenon by the active redistributive policy of the federal authorities. Third, we revealed a significant positive relationship between political and interpersonal trust at the micro level.
In conclusion, we made recommendations on the effective management of political trust in modern Russia.
This paper is based on the results of the Russian Longitudinal Monitoring Survey (RLMS-HSE) and analysis the actual problems, the main trends and opportunities for trust building in contemporary Russian society. It focuses on elucidating the role of interpersonal trust in the development of stabilization and integration processes, the study of various aspects of interpersonal trust, evaluation of it's level, and determining the boundaries of the resource base. The paper identifes discussion issues related to the problem of trust. Emphasis is placed on covering the features and background of strengthening kinship and friendship, as well as various aspects of interpersonal trust in the context of the problems of social capital.
The author considers the hypothesis that under certain circumstances mistrust acts as the driving force for political development whereas trust, especially in its essential paternalistic forms, preserves the unsatisfactory status quo. The problem analyses as a part of general trend in the contemporary world towards declining prestige of public institutions and taking into account the Russian specifics.
The effectiveness of monetary policy depends not only on the transfer of shock on the economy, but also on the institutional environment in which it operates. Creating the required institutional environment is an important way to increase the effectiveness of the impact of monetary policy. To solve this problem the institutional factors should be included in the macroeconomic models. This work researches the questions of the inclusion of the institutional factors in the analysis of macroeconomic models monetary policy.
Issues of interaction between assets, institutions and innovations are the subject of paper. Special attention is given to the specific (idiosyncrasy) assets characteristics in a centrally planning economy. "Shale revolution" assets drivers analyses is presented. Quantitative estimates of main conclusions are given – as with use of econometric tools as "catastrophe theory" approach.
This is a book about the “how to” of one of the most important aspects of diaspora engagement — leveraging countries’ talent abroad to support development at home. The understanding that the diaspora (emigrants and their descendants who retain ties to their countries of origin or ancestry) can be a critical partner for development has emerged fairly recently, due in large part to the experience of two new global powers — China and India — whose rise to prominence owes much to the contributions of their talent abroad. In the amazingly short span of about 15 years, the importance of the diaspora to development has evolved from a novel and somewhat heretical hypothesis to conventional wisdom. Now it is commonly acknowledged that diasporas can be important, but the path of developing policies and programs to help realize the promise of diasporas has been fraught with frustration and disappointment. Diaspora contributions seem to come spontaneously rather than as a result of policy interventions; they are a matter of serendipity. By focusing on policy interventions that effectively promote diaspora contributions, the book fills an important gap in the literature.