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Article

«Благочестивый разум» Четвертой Маккавейской книги

Брагинская Н. В., Шмаина-Великанова А. И.

The article is devoted to the noncanonical Fourth Book of Maccabees,
especially the concept of “pious mind” (ὁ εὐσεβὴς λογισμός). An anonymous
author uses the terminology of popular Greek philosophy to substantiate
the supremacy of the Torah, the Divine law. A “pious mind” is a believing
mind that, being wholly devoted to God, sanctions Hellenic wisdom, yet also
surpasses it. A comparison is made of the “pious mind” and Wisdom, Hochma,
Shekhinah. In the Fourth Book of Maccabees, there is the apology of martyrdom
in the name of faith, which was alien to Greek philosophy and ethics,
including the ethics of Stoicism. The apology of martyrdom in the Fourth (and
also Second) Maccabees books anticipates Christian martyrology.
Fourth Book of Maccabees, Pious Mind, Martyrdom, Torah,
Greek Philosophy