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Regular version of the site

Article

Переход к «порядку свободного доступа» в послевоенной Германии

Бусыгина И. М., Климович С. А.

The article explores the formation of a new political and economic system in post-war
Germany. By using the concept of ‘open access order’ suggested by Douglas North, the authors analyze
the factors that explain successful transition to this order and achievement of the ‘doorstep conditions’. The
main task for both external and internal political actors in Germany after 1945 was to make commitments
on the new country’s institutional setting credible and to avoid the monopoly of small elite groups on
political and economic power. The article states that key factors of consolidation of the ‘open access order’
in Germany are: a) decentralization and strategic coalition formation that guaranteed the multiplicity of
actors and their integration into the new political system; b) decartelization that broke up the economic
monopoly of small interest groups; c) Germany’s integration as an equal partner into the emerging European
supranational institutions. Moreover, the authors show how in the German case the doorstep condition of
consolidated control over the military transformed into a contextual one, having a positive influence on
the achievement of other conditions.