Применение методов и технологий искусственного интеллекта в цифровых цепях поставок
The article provides analysis of the main directions and technologies of artificial intelligence and their application in digital supply chains; specifies prospects of intelligent information systems application to improve interorganizational cooperation and participants’ collaboration in integrated and network structures of supply chains. Particular attention is paid to the research of possibilities of modern multi-agent technologies and intelligent systems in supply chain management aimed at interorganizational cooperation of partners, conflict management and consensus reaching between network partners, real time risk management, dynamically reconfigurable network structure formation of supply chains.
These proceedings represent the work of researchers participating in the 11th International Conference on Intellectual Capital, Knowledge Management & Organisational Learning – ICICKM 2014, which this year is being held at The University of Sydney Business School, The University of Sydney, Australia. The Conference Co‐Chairs are Dr John Dumay from Macquarie University, Sydney, Australia and Dr Gary Oliver from the University of Sydney, Australia. The conference will be opened with a keynote by Göran Roos, Advanced Manufacturing Council, Adelaide, Australia who will address the topic of “Intellectual capital in Australia: Economic development in a high cost economy”. The second day will be opened with a from James Guthrie, University of Sydney, Australia on the topic of “Intellectual Capital and the Public Sector Research: Past, Present, and Future”. The ICICKM Conference constitutes a valuable platform for individuals to present their research findings, display their work in progress and discuss conceptual advances in many different branches of intellectual capital, knowledge management and organisational learning. At the same time, it provides an important opportunity for members of the IC, KM and OL communities to come together with peers, share knowledge and exchange ideas. ICICKM has evolved and developed over the last decade, and the range of papers accepted in this year’s conference ensures an interesting two‐day event. Following an initial submission of 144 abstracts that have undergone a double blind peer review process, 53 Research papers, 13 PhD Research papers, 1 Master’s Research paper, 1 Work‐in‐Progress papers are published in the ICICKM 2014 Conference Proceedings, representing work from Australia, Canada, China, Colombia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Iran, Italy, Japan, Malaysia, New Zealand, Nigeria, Poland, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Slovakia, South Africa, South Korea, Sweden, Taiwan, UK and USA. We hope that you have an enjoyable conference.
Supply Chain Management in modern conditions requires close integration of business processes of transport companies and information technology. We know that today there are a large number of applications and information systems for the automation of logistics activities. Currently there is no complete and consistent classification of software products of the Transportation Management System (TMS). Their diversity is relevant in the context of the fourth industrial revolution ("Industry 4.0"). It's difficult to navigate existing and emerging information systems and choose the most appropriate. The most important class TMS products are designed to plan, organize, and account for the operation of the vehicle fleet. However, their practical use is often ineffective for several reasons. One of the common problems in the implementation of the information system is the lack of or inadequate investigation of all operating activities of the enterprise and its strategic position in the market, the analysis of information flows, evaluation of employees of business roles, mechanism of decision-making. The reason for this is the lack of logistics management competencies in the field of information technology, and on the other hand, often poor understanding of IT-managers of the transport processes. Therefore, a practical approach synchronization strategic goals, objectives, business processes, supply chain management with business logic implemented information system. The paper discusses the use of proper Zachman enterprise architecture framework as this approach. This proper framework is simple enough to understand, and is known for a long time in the IT industry. Therefore, its use in the development of the information supply chain management system in practice, it seems appropriate for small and medium-sized freight enterprises. It is known that the business processes of all transport companies in general are often very similar. However, in practice often requires a flexible adaptation of the information system for each of them.
The paper investigates the process of evolutionary transformation of cooperation and integration modes of industrial and construction enterprises in St.-Petersburg. The study has been performed at the period since 1998 to nowadays. The network form of integration was chosen as the main objet of this research. The paper is aimed at identifying the path of knowledge management development in different types of networks.
One of the peculiarities of the network form of integration is the high level of independence of the network participants that interact with each other. Key issues in this cooperation would be the following:
How to organize an effective transfer of knowledge and technologies within a network?
How to find a balance between open systems of innovation and the protection of the intellectual property of network participants?
How to evaluate the intellectual capital of a network? Is it necessary to make an assessment for each participant separately? Should one take into account synergies that increase the value of the intellectual capital because of the network participants’ interaction and knowledge sharing?
How to increase competitiveness of each company and of the whole network by the effective use of the intellectual capital?
How to measure the impact of open innovations on the intellectual capital of the companies interacting within a network?
Thus, it is important to reveal how knowledge management system is developing within a network of inter-related enterprises.
On the base of interviews of top-managers of companies in industrial and construction companies there were identified five different types of networks and knowledge management systems within these types. It is demonstrated how the knowledge management model is growing and becoming mature from the amorphous type of network cooperation to the integrated type. Factors, influencing this evolutionary development, have been revealed. Also, the paper proposes an approach to the evaluation of knowledge management systems based upon the value-based management indicators.
This article describes the application of currently most promising methods of (1) network (graph) theory, (2) content analysis and (3) subject-oriented approach to business process modeling for creating and automation of innovative process and therefore for maximization of ROI (return on investments) in intellectual and social capital of enterprises. Described approach delivers opportunities for unstructured information utilization in order to increase efficiency of innovation activity in organizations. As a result, virtual community with a multiple content centers is created presenting a prototype of intellectual neural network with distributed association nodes. In a course of development, instant full-text indexation takes place and taxonomic picture of different branches for such community is formed. In due course system gathers the statistics and builds-up maps of intercommunication with priority allocation of most discussed topics. A group of predetermined experts begins discussion on development prospects of this or that subject afterwards. The strategic map of investments into innovative development that can be offered to group of investors for competitive investments eventually turns out. In this process all steps except final (gathering of experts) are human nondependant, what increase efficiency of this process in general.
Papers have been double-blind peer reviewed before final submission to the conference. Initially, paper abstracts were read and selected by the conference panel for submission as possible papers for the conference. Many thanks to the reviewers who helped ensure the quality of the full papers. These Conference Proceedings have been submitted to Thomson ISI for indexing.
The author investigates issues related to the methodology and technology of applying the knowledge management system in an organization, describes infrastructure types needed to successfully practice a complex project of introducing an organizational, social and technological system of knowledge management.
In this paper we consider choice problems under the assumption that the preferences of the decision maker are expressed in the form of a parametric partial weak order without assuming the existence of any value function. We investigate both the sensitivity (stability) of each non-dominated solution with respect to the changes of parameters of this order, and the sensitivity of the set of non-dominated solutions as a whole to similar changes. We show that this type of sensitivity analysis can be performed by employing techniques of linear programming.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The Working Paper examines the peculiarities of the Russian model of corporate governance and control in the banking sector. The study relies upon theoretical as well as applied research of corporate governance in Russian commercial banks featuring different forms of ownership. We focus on real interests of all stakeholders, namely bank and stock market regulators, bank owners, investors, top managers and other insiders. The Anglo-American concept of corporate governance, based on agency theory and implying outside investors’ control over banks through stock market, is found to bear limited relevance. We suggest some ways of overcoming the gap between formal institutions of governance and the real life.
At present many industries reveal tendency for setting up of vertically integrated companies (VIC) the structure of which unites all technological processes. This tendency proved its efficiency in oil industry where coordination of all successive stages of technological process, namely, oil prospecting and production -oil transportation - oil processing - oil chemistry - oil products and oil chemicals marketing, is necessary. The article considers specific features of introduction of "personnel management" module at enterprises of oil and gas industry.
vertically integrated companies; personnel management