“Scuola antica architettata all'Egiziana e alla Greca” Пиранези как отражение идеализированного образовательного пространства второй половины XVIII в.
This article deals with Scuola antica architettata all'Egiziana e alla Greca (“Ancient school built in Egyptian and Greek styles”) by the great Giovanni Battista Piranesi. The publication of “Opere Varia II”, which contains this engraving by Piranesi, cannot be dated precisely, but it is known that it appeared after 1761, despite the fact that it bears the date of 1750. This engraving refl ects the idea of an idealised ancient school, which, due to Piranesi, formed in Europe in the second half of the 18th century. Piranesi thought of the school as an open sacred temple of science placed in the centre of an ideal city. The article also identifi es sources for the “Ancient School” of Piranesi, which are architectural and artistic traditions from Antiquity to Early Modern Time. The article reveals the social aspect of Piranesi’s work, since his “Ancient School” focuses on the ideal of access to education for wider strata of population. The influence of this engraving by Piranesi was traced in the project of Etienne-Louis Boullée in the creation of the Royal Library (1784), which was an original look at the educational space of the library and demonstrated a striking resemblance to the interior of the “Ancient School”. Echoes of Etienne-Louis Boullée’s project are visible in the implementation of Moscow underground station Biblioteka imeni Lenina (Lenin Library).