Оценка вклада поверхностной рекомбинации в микродисковых лазерах с помощью высокочастотной модуляции
The development of a fast semiconductor laser is required for the realization of next-generation telecommunication applications. Since lasers operating on quantum dot ground state transitions exhibit only limited gain due to the saturation effect, we investigate lasing from excited states and compare its corresponding static and dynamic behavior to the one from the ground state. InAs quantum dots (QDs) grown in dot-in-well (DWELL) structures allowed to obtain light emission from ground and three excited states in a spectral range of 1.0–1.3 μm. This emission was coupled to whispering gallery modes (WGMs) of a 6 μm microdisk resonator and studied at room temperature by steady-state and time-resolved micro-photoluminescence. We demonstrate a cascade development of lasing arising from the ladder of quantum dot states, and compare the lasing behavior of ground and excited state emission. While the lasing threshold is being increased from the ground state to the highest excited state, the dynamic behavior is improved: turn-on times and lifetimes of WGMs become shorter paving the way towards high frequency direct driven microlasers.
A model is developed that makes it possible to analytically determine the threshold current of a microdisk laser with consideration for its self-heating as a function of the ambient temperature and the microlaser diameter. It is shown that there exists a minimum microdisk diameter determined by self-heating, up to which continuous-wave lasing can be reached at a given temperature. Another manifestation of the self-heating effect is the existence of the ultimate working temperature, which is lower, the smaller the microlaser diameter. Reasonable agreement between the predictions of the model and the available experimental data is shown.
The rate equations are used to analyze the characteristics of a tandem consisting of a laser diode and a semiconductor optical amplifier made of a single heterostructure with quantum dots. The optimal value of the current distribution coefficient the amplifier and the laser, as well as the optimal resonator length that provides the highest output power of the tandem were determined. It is shown that the use of the tandem allows, at the same total consumed current, to significantly (more than 4 times for 1A) increase the power emitted through the groundstate optical transition in comparison with that achievable with a laser diode solely being limited by the onset of lasing through an excited-state optical transition.
We present an analysis of spectral and threshold characteristics of InGaAs/GaAs quantum well-dot microdisk laser operated under cw current injection at room temperature without external cooling. The experimental values of the threshold current for the disk and ring microlasers are compared. We observe that the threshold current can be significantly decreased in devices with large diameters (more than 30 m) by using the ring geometry
The dynamics of a two-component Davydov-Scott (DS) soliton with a small mismatch of the initial location or velocity of the high-frequency (HF) component was investigated within the framework of the Zakharov-type system of two coupled equations for the HF and low-frequency (LF) fields. In this system, the HF field is described by the linear Schrödinger equation with the potential generated by the LF component varying in time and space. The LF component in this system is described by the Korteweg-de Vries equation with a term of quadratic influence of the HF field on the LF field. The frequency of the DS soliton`s component oscillation was found analytically using the balance equation. The perturbed DS soliton was shown to be stable. The analytical results were confirmed by numerical simulations.
Radiation conditions are described for various space regions, radiation-induced effects in spacecraft materials and equipment components are considered and information on theoretical, computational, and experimental methods for studying radiation effects are presented. The peculiarities of radiation effects on nanostructures and some problems related to modeling and radiation testing of such structures are considered.
Let G be a semisimple algebraic group whose decomposition into the product of simple components does not contain simple groups of type A, and P⊆G be a parabolic subgroup. Extending the results of Popov , we enumerate all triples (G, P, n) such that (a) there exists an open G-orbit on the multiple flag variety G/P × G/P × . . . × G/P (n factors), (b) the number of G-orbits on the multiple flag variety is finite.
I give the explicit formula for the (set-theoretical) system of Resultants of m+1 homogeneous polynomials in n+1 variables