Intraurban social risk and mortality patterns during extreme heat events: A case study of Moscow, 2010-2017
There is currently an increase in the number of heat waves occurring worldwide. Moscow experienced the effects of an extreme heat wave in 2010, which resulted in more than 10,000 extra deaths and significant economic damage. This study conducted a comprehensive assessment of the social risks existing during the occurrence of heat waves and allowed us to identify the spatial heterogeneity of the city in terms of thermal risk and the consequences for public health. Using a detailed simulation of the meteorological regime based on the COSMO-CLM regional climate model and the physiologically equivalent temperature (PET), a spatial assessment of thermal stress in the summer of 2010 was carried out. Based on statistical data, the components of social risk (vulnerabilities and adaptive capacity of the population) were calculated and mapped. We also performed an analysis of their changes in 2010–2017. A significant differentiation of the territory of Moscow has been revealed in terms of the thermal stress and vulnerability of the population to heat waves. The spatial pattern of thermal stress agrees quite well with the excess deaths observed during the period from July to August 2010. The identified negative trend of increasing vulnerability of the population has grown in most districts of Moscow. The adaptive capacity has been reduced in most of Moscow. The growth of adaptive capacity mainly affects the most prosperous areas of the city.
The paper discusses the main stages of solving problems of optimal organization of the system of risk management information and functional safety of multifunctional information systems (IFB IIA) on the basis of the principle of guaranteed result. The results of the decision of problems of modeling of the structure of the threats, indexing and optimization of the risk management system of IFB.
This article discusses the resuits of the development of factoring risk management algorithm based on the principle of guaranteed results
The monograph is devoted to the development of research methodology of threats, vulnerabilities and risks in information security in organizations. Substantiated mathematical apparatus of research: axiomatization of Boolean , which as most adequately describes the processes of mental activity in the construction of expert system model of information security in the organization and eliminates various types of heuristics that are typical of artificial intelligence languages . Methodology contains descriptive ( verbal ) and math ( formalized ) components . The technique developed formalized description of threats, vulnerabilities and risks of information protection systems and synthesis of relations between them allows you to fully analyze and document requirements related to information security in the organization, avoiding the cost of excessive security measures possible in the subjective assessment of the risks to assist in planning and implementation of protection at all stages of the life cycle of information systems, ensure that work in the shortest possible time, provide a justification for the choice of countermeasures to evaluate the effectiveness of countermeasures to compare their various options. The monograph provides examples of using methods for cal factor calculations , ensuring correct the validity of decisions of experts in information security in organizations. For managers and specialists units for the protection of information.
One of the approaches to the assessment of threats, vulnerabilities and risks in the protection of information in organizations , allowing to fully analyze and document requirements related to information security in the organization. Using this approach will allow to avoid the costs of redundant safety measures arising from the subjective assessment of the risks to assist in planning and implementing protection at all stages of the life cycle of information systems, and ensure that work under tight deadlines. Practical recommendations for the choice of countermeasures and evaluate the effectiveness of countermeasures to compare their various options.
In the article process maturity model selection as an effective tool for diagnosing vulnerability of logistics processes, the characteristic of the process maturity concept and a typology of maturity models used in logistics and supply chain management. Just describe the main stages of development maturity model of logistic processes, the proposed method is demonstrated by the development of maturity model to assess vulnerability of domestic construction companies regarding logistics risks.
The paper deals with the impact of the economic crisis of 2008–2009 upon gender attitudes of the population of Europe. Crisis touched the economy of most European countries though to a different extent. It influenced objective living conditions of people including the situation in the labor market. The changing economic situation in its turn should affect gender attitudes. In the research we take into account the impact of crisis on both individual and country level. Special focus in the research is given to the impact of gender attitudes of women and those who live in single household with children as these two categories form vulnerable groups. The data of Eurobarometer 2011 serves as a database. The targeted group of population is 18–65. Multilevel regression modeling is used.
Several approaches to the concept of fatherhood present in Western sociological tradition are analyzed and compared: biological determinism, social constructivism and biosocial theory. The problematics of fatherhood and men’s parental practices is marginalized in modern Russian social research devoted to family and this fact makes the traditional inequality in family relations, when the father’s role is considered secondary compared to that of mother, even stronger. However, in Western critical men’s studies several stages can be outlined: the development of “sex roles” paradigm (biological determinism), the emergence of the hegemonic masculinity concept, inter-disciplinary stage (biosocial theory). According to the approach of biological determinism, the role of a father is that of the patriarch, he continues the family line and serves as a model for his ascendants. Social constructivism looks into man’s functions in the family from the point of view of masculine pressure and establishing hegemony over a woman and children. Biosocial theory aims to unite the biological determinacy of fatherhood with social, cultural and personal context. It is shown that these approaches are directly connected with the level of the society development, marriage and family perceptions, the level of egality of gender order.