Transformations of Traditional Culture: The Role of the Avatime Initiation Rite in Modern Times
The evolution of social institutions, particularly of rites of passage, is a gradual process in West Africa, drawing on a centuries-long body of tradition, and influenced by various cultural, economic and political factors. Today, gathering piece-by-piece the oral tradition of the history of the rites of passage of a small ethnic group in eastern Ghana, one can find many examples of how these practices are adaptive by their very nature (Baiburin 1993). The structure of the rite has been shaped by various external factors and historical process. The attempt to explain such rites by saying simply that ‘the ancestors did it this way’ is insufficient. Rather, a regularized socialization practice, in this case rites of passage, shares its functions with a number of other socialization practices, while it continues to evolve.
The book is comprised of 24 studies examining the changes in values throughout the process of transformation in the post-communist countries and, in general, the questions of values, their conceptualization and research as well as their role in the process of transformation and stratification. The studies present a new concept of empirical sociological study of values, cultural resources in class reproduction and ideology, problems of hedonism, social trust, cohesion, historical and cultural tradition and many other aspects of development of value structure in post-communist societies.
This article analyzes one of the most vivid documents of personal origin, revealing the inner world, creative search, system of rules for living, and relations in the society of a gifted Soviet youth who lived in a Government House on the Bersenevskaya waterfront. The personality of Lev Fedotov long attracted the attention of writers, journalists, and cinematographers for the undisclosed mystery of his main object of interest and activities. In this article, on the basis of linguistic and logical methods of analysis of the text, a large research project is reconstructed that was performed alone by a Moscow school boy over several years; it represents the original processing of the concepts of cosmist N. F. Fedorov from the perspective of scientific, social, and ideological priorities in the 1930s. The grand scale of concepts and remarkable analytical, prognostic capabilities of the school boy—confirmed by his brilliant futurological elaboration of the Second World War—create exclusive status for the diary in a series of analogous chronicles of a private life.
The process of globalization undoubtedly contributes to the changes and reduction of nomenclature and scope of state sovereign powers. At the same time this is a bilateral process: On the one side, the factors are strengthening that fairly undermine the countries` sovereignty, on the other – most states voluntarily limit the scope of their sovereignty including the right to use the capital punishment, nomenclature and size of taxation, the size of emission and borrowings etc. We believe that among the range of factors influencing the process of change of national sovereignty (including the technological and economical changes and the necessity to solve jointly a great number of issues), the factor of voluntary reducing of scope of sovereign powers to obtain an additional prestige and benefit appears to be of the utmost importance. At the same time the limiting of sovereignty inevitably leads to great changes in the policy patterns of states as well as of common people masses. So the problems of changes of functions and role of the modern state, in our view, must be among those of currant importance.
The method of obtaining dynamic graphic art objects using mathematics and information technologies is presented. Various technologies of graphic dynamic and interactive art objects based on the generated fractal images and software are considered. Results of information and mathematical computer experiments of Trubochkinf N.K. are analyzed:
- Art- video based on recording dynamic transformation of a fractal-image;
- Multilayer programmable animations (motion, color, transparency) fractals animations with internal layers of varying length, can be generated over a long recurring time image;
- Video art on the basis of three-dimensional fractals (dynamic and interactive).
Internal solitary wave transformation over the bottom step: loss of energy.
The purpose of this article - to formulate approaches to the study of the market transformation.The Market is seen as governance mechanism under the uncertaintycondition. Transforming the market, the firm is able to discover and commercialize the advantage of resources, located outside its borders.
The Afroeurasian world-system (AEWS throughout) is the largest world-system that in the period of its largest expansion (prior to its transformation into the planetary World-System), in the 13th – 15th centuries encompassed almost all the societies of Europe and Asia and a substantial part of African societies.
The results of cross-cultural research of implicit theories of innovativeness among students and teachers, representatives of three ethnocultural groups: Russians, the people of the North Caucasus (Chechens and Ingushs) and Tuvinians (N=804) are presented. Intergroup differences in implicit theories of innovativeness are revealed: the ‘individual’ theories of innovativeness prevail among Russians and among the students, the ‘social’ theories of innovativeness are more expressed among respondents from the North Caucasus, Tuva and among the teachers. Using the structural equations modeling the universal model of values impact on implicit theories of innovativeness and attitudes towards innovations is constructed. Values of the Openness to changes and individual theories of innovativeness promote the positive relation to innovations. Results of research have shown that implicit theories of innovativeness differ in different cultures, and values make different impact on the attitudes towards innovations and innovative experience in different cultures.