Как изменения гендерных и межпоколенческих отношений влияют на демографическое поведение? Случай Ингушетии
The article deals with the impact of gender and intergenerational relations on nuptial and marriage behavior in the Republic of Ingushetia, one of the Northern Caucasus region characterized by intergenerational and gender asymmetries in family life patterns. The authors analyze the results of a quantitative survey carried out among reproductive women in Ingushetia in 2019.
The analysis shows that a number of parameters indicative of a woman’s self-dependence (having a job and educational background) and the degree of female dependence on elder relatives in making important life decisions discover a statistical relationship with the likelihood of entering into a marriage and having a first child. However the “direction” of this relationship is not always predicted by the available theories. In particular, the survey shows that a larger degree of “traditionalism” in gender and intergenerational relations implies a later entry into the first marriage rather than an earlier one. The authors discuss possible reasons behind such unusual results detailing the existing ideas about possible impact of gender and intergenerational relations on demographic processes.
Russia’s declining birth rate is linked to a delay in a family’s decision to have children and to uncertainty about the place of children in a couple’s relationship. Despite the rise of individualism and the importance of career and self-realization, however, the family retains a very important place in Russian society.
This volume offers empirical perspectives on the current sociolinguistic situations in former Eastern Bloc countries. Its seventeen chapters analyse phenomena such as language choice, hierarchies and ideologies in multilingualism, language policies, minority languages in new legal, educational, business and migratory contexts, as well as the position of English in the region. The authors use various methodological approaches – including surveys, discourse analyses, descriptions and analyses of linguistic landscapes, and ethnography – in order to deal with sociolinguistic issues in eight countries and seven regions, from Brandenburg, Germany, in the West to Sakhalin, Russia, in the East.
In the article authors use the vital birh and death registration data on 10 regions exctracted from the Rosstat database to evaluate an input of international migrant into Russian fertility and mortality levels.
This chapter discusses the features of the development of the Russian population and the results of population projections to 2025
Several approaches to the concept of fatherhood present in Western sociological tradition are analyzed and compared: biological determinism, social constructivism and biosocial theory. The problematics of fatherhood and men’s parental practices is marginalized in modern Russian social research devoted to family and this fact makes the traditional inequality in family relations, when the father’s role is considered secondary compared to that of mother, even stronger. However, in Western critical men’s studies several stages can be outlined: the development of “sex roles” paradigm (biological determinism), the emergence of the hegemonic masculinity concept, inter-disciplinary stage (biosocial theory). According to the approach of biological determinism, the role of a father is that of the patriarch, he continues the family line and serves as a model for his ascendants. Social constructivism looks into man’s functions in the family from the point of view of masculine pressure and establishing hegemony over a woman and children. Biosocial theory aims to unite the biological determinacy of fatherhood with social, cultural and personal context. It is shown that these approaches are directly connected with the level of the society development, marriage and family perceptions, the level of egality of gender order.