Excitation of the main giant pulses from the Crab pulsar
A model for the source of microwave main giant pulses (GPs) from the Crab pulsar is proposed and partly investigated. Pulse excitation takes place in a relativistic pair plasma with a strong magnetic ﬁeld through the beam pulse ampliﬁer (BPA) mechanism, in which short noise pulses of a certain type are ampliﬁed by energetic electrons at the Cherenkov resonance, even without strong anisotropy in the distribution function. The wave gain is shown to be as high as with an instability of hydrodynamic type, and wave escaping from the excitation region into the pulsar magnetosphere may not involve signiﬁcant attenuation. The basic parameters of the source which explains the observed characteristics of the GP electromagnetic bursts have been analyzed, and are consistent with accepted ideas about physical conditions in the pulsar magnetosphere. The BPA mechanism explains the important properties of the GPs, such as the extremely short pulse duration (extreme nanoshots), the extremely high brightness temperature of the radiation source, the formation of radiation in a wide frequency range, and the possibility of radiation reaching the periphery of the pulsar magnetosphere.