Проблемы имплементации искусственного интеллекта в сфере образования
Today, the introduction of artificial intelligence and robots into the economy, production, education, science, healthcare and other spheres of life has become inevitable. A person as an object influencing the course of the production cycle is replaced by programs that determine the way of thinking of artificial intelligence and the behavior of robots using digital algorithms, in this regard, the topic of research into the implementation of artificial intelligence becomes very topical. The purpose of this study was an attempt to analyze the diversity of currently used different definitions of the concept of "artificial intelligence", the use of artificial intelligence in education, as well as the results of a sociological survey conducted in August 2019 on the topic "Attitude of Russians to artificial intelligence." In addition, a comparison of various approaches to the disclosure of the concept of "artificial intelligence" is carried out, and the issues of responsibility for the work of artificial intelligence are considered. As a toolkit, the author's questionnaire was proposed to identify the attitude of Russians to the use of artificial intelligence in various spheres of public life. In the course of the online survey, 3,739 people were interviewed. As a result of the sociological study, the attitude of Russians to the content of the concept of "artificial intelligence", the need for its control by a person was revealed, the most demanded, from the point of view of respondents, areas of knowledge in which a person could effectively interact with artificial intelligence, as well as the public sphere and personal life in which his presence would be unacceptable. The scientific novelty of this study lies both in the measurement of public opinion regarding the attitude of Russians to artificial intelligence and the interpretation of its results, as well as in the generalization of theoretical questions on the topic, including those of foreign researchers in the field of using AI in education and training. The practical significance of the results lies in the simultaneous study of the experience of Western countries, introducing AI in education, and in taking into account the opinion of Russians regarding its implementation.