Экономический потенциал сферы культуры и досуга в России и странах ОЭСР
This article analyzes the evolution of theoretical approaches to the role of leisure in transition to innovative economy. Assessment of the economic potential of cultural and leisure sectors is based on a comparative analysis of household demand for recreational and cultural activities, government support measures to the cultural sector, and the creative industries development in Russia, including the export-import balance. The results of the study reveal a significant gap between a high effective demand from families with new requirements for modern cultural environment and the financial state support, providing advanced development of culture and tourism in Russia, stimulating demand in the creative sector, and the development of citizens’ creative potential. Hence, this gap leads to the supply-demand imbalances, increasing outbound tourism, and a sharp interregional disparity in the creative potential development. Underdeveloped sector of creative industries and limited opportunities for creative self-expression reduce the market capacity of culture and leisure supply, and result in a negative trade balance in creative industries, and outflow of qualified youth to foreign countries.
In the space of topical stereotypes Saint-Petersburg obtains such naming as «cultural capital», «city of museums», «brilliant Imperial city». However, in the light of the changing economic, social, cultural reality the conservation of this kind of «brand» is a losing strategy. The article provides guidelines and historical-social analyses of such phenomena of modern cultural life of the city as creative clusters, various festivals of the international level. From the point of view of social inclusion such spaces and activities are to implement creative aspirations of citizens, that is valuable to the cultural life of the city: the economic component of this situation allows as to speak about various kinds of financial investments in the cultural sphere, as well as on the development of the tourism industry, different from the traditional «excursion» form. For the « creative industry» stipulates the status of the dominant and the determinant of innovation development of the urban space.
Main challenges and problems of functioning institutions of cultural heritage and the creative industries are described in the paper. Factors that promote and prevent following cooperation, as well as the main directions of cooperation, are defined on the basis of analysis of expert opinions obtained during the survey in 2012 in St. Petersburg.
This collection of articles contains reports and heads of reports to the Internetional Conference "Modern Models of Cultural Industries Development in Russian Regions", that was held in Saint-Petersburg on 9-10 October 2014 with the support of Russian Humanitarian Science Foundation.
The aim of this article is to study an influence of various cultural festivals in St. Petersburg on development of the creative industries in the city. The definition of prospects of the development of culture of «Russia’s Northern Capital» demands the analysis of an existing scientific and administrative discourse concerning interaction in a city on Neva the rich cultural heritage and new creative industries. The situation of St. Petersburg as а large European cultural center and one of the important cities of the Russian Federation allows to define prospects of its development as «creative city». It includes also the analysis of cultural, social and economic consequences of the development of festival movement.
The aim of the study is to examine the various forms of interaction between cultural heritage and creative industries to support the development of various types of cultural clusters in St. Petersburg. The study was based on a model, which provides several types of partnership cultural heritage (CH) could have with the creative industries (CI): CH as a “decoration” for the CI, as “content”, as a “brand”, as the creator of the needs. Authors’ classification of cultural clusters in St. Petersburg is described, including clusters of cultural heritage, ethnic cultural clusters, the mass-cultural (consumer-oriented) cultural clusters, art - incubators. One of the main findings is the low willingness of many public cultural institutions to have any form of interaction with the creative industries. The second group of findings concerned the ability to attract creative industries to provide services for residents of St. Petersburg in cooperation with public institutions of culture.
The aim of the study is to analyze the role of the new creative industries for the regional development of the cultural heritage. It is particularly concerned with the definition of the city space. The research focuses on the modern ways of not only conservation, but rather analysis, interpretation and consumption of various cultural products. This paper includes investigation of economic, political, social and cultural consequences of the interaction between different cultural establishments. The author of this article researches the creative industries with the examples of the creative clusters and the creative projects in comparison with traditional cultural institutions. In general this paper provides evidence for the positive cultural and social changes in the region by reason ot the development the creative industries in St. Petersburg
This article discusses approaches to government support for creative industries. It indicates special aspects of business development in the sphere of culture, describes the tendencies of the creative industries market in Russia. To assess the relevance and efficiency of government support measures, the author focused on the concept of the industry’s life cycle. Recommendations on the comprehensive government support for the sector on the example of Moscow.
This book is a collection of the most recent research om the Cultural and Creative Industries (CCIs). All of the contributions are written by pioneers within their own fields and all have an international orientation. The book was the basis of discussions at the international research conference in Antwerp that was held on 22-23 May 2014, the third conference on the Cultural and Creative Industries that the University of antwerp, the Antwerp Management School and the HKU University of the Arts Utrecht organized together (Annick Schramme)
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.