Отношение потребителей к экономике совместного потребления в России
This research is focused on the main characteristics of sharing economy as one of the fastdeveloping sectors of 4.0 industry in the world and in Russia. Due to the increasing role of a consumer as one of the key economic agents in the sharing economy, the research is focused on the sharing economy adoption factors on the consumer level. Sharing economy development perspectives and adoption factors, including drivers and impediments the consumers are facing are analyzed in the paper. To identify the factors determining the consumer behavior in the sharing economy in Russia, the quantitative survey with 2576 respondents was conducted. The analysis of empirical data allows to reveal six main factors of sharing economy developing from the consumer perspective: (1) the attitude to the sharing economy, (2) difficulties to start participation in the sharing economy, (3) perceived risks, (4) the role of property, (5) influence of the referent groups, (6) hygienic factors of sharing economy. After the cluster analysis, three consumer clusters were determined: (1) consumers with neutral attitude to the sharing economy, (2) skeptical consumers, (3) competent consumers. The results of the analysis are relevant both for the academic research and for the management practice and allow to make conclusions on the problems and perspectives of the sharing economy development in Russia based on the analysis of the impediments and stimulating development factors (drivers) in the context of the behavioral model of Russian consumers in the sharing economy.
The 11th International Conference on Theory and Practice of Electronic Governance (ICEGOV2018) took place in Galway, Republic of Ireland, between 4 and 6 April 2018. The conference was held under the high patronage of the Department of Public Expenditure and Reform (DPER), Government of Ireland. The Insight Centre for Data Analytics, part of the National University of Ireland Galway, co-organised ICEGOV2018 with the United Nations University Operating Unit on Policy-Driven Electronic Governance (UNU-EGOV), which is also the conference series organiser1. The conference organisation was also supported by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) and the Science Foundation Ireland (SFI).
Proceedings of a meeting held 21-22 November 2018, St. Petersburg, Russia.
Digital business transformation is a priority for Russian companies in all industries. To develop a company to its full value in the digital environment, it should include an IT department capable of meeting business needs. Evaluation of the current state of the IT department in terms of digital transformation will determine the company’s potential for further development. This article presents a solution to the problem of assessing the IT department’s readiness for digital business transformation by developing a quantitative assessment of the maturity level of the IT department processes for meeting the needs of the enterprise. The approach to solving this problem consists in the joint use of models for assessing the digital maturity of the enterprise as a whole and models for assessing the maturity of the IT department processes and herein is the scientific novelty of the results obtained. At the first stage of the study, based on the analysis of modern information and digital management practices, as well as on the study of approaches to assessing the digital maturity of the enterprise and the processes of the IT department, INFORMATION SYSTEMS AND TECHNOLOGIES IN BUSINESS 64 BUSINESS INFORMATICS No. 2(44) – 2018 we developed the requirements for the IT department maturity model of digital business transformation. The study identified the prospects for IT departments that affect its maturity level, developed a model for quantifying each perspective and a model for calculating the minimum level of maturity of the IT department to achieve the expected assessment of the company’s digital maturity. To assess the willingness of IT departments to digitally transform business, a regression equation of IT department maturity level is constructed from the influencing prospects (factors). The results of approbation of the model are presented.
Sharing economy - the new and contradictory phenomenon, which is caused by the appearance of the beginning of widespread use of new technologies in business. Despite its recent origin, it is characterized by the rapid development of sharing economy, which is the cause of increased media attention to the phenomenon. However, in the academic community interested in the comprehensive study of this economic system is just beginning to emerge. The article attempts to highlight the sharing economy in a separate category of economic analysis, consider its main characteristics and activities.
The authors develop a definition of the sharing economy as a new business model. The article analyzes and systemizes different approaches to understanding this term, highlights its key components. Also, the authors discuss a number of factors affecting the consumers’ behavior in the era of the digital economy, highlight key trends in the market of the collabo-rative consumption. As a result, based on the online-survey data, the authors identify the most popular services of the sharing economy for Russian consumers.
This paper is devoted to the analysis of challenges and opportunities that emerge from the process of digital transformation in electric utilities. It presents a part of an ongoing study on asset management in electric utilities. Increasing demand for electricity and technological advancement are one of the main factors stimulating digital transformation both in developing and advanced economies. While digital transformation implies high costs and long-term investments, electric utilities can benefit significantly during this process. We propose a theoretical model of value creation in the process of digital transformation with the use of the Porter’s value chain framework. It turns out that generation, transmission and distribution, and retail companies seem to have opportunities to capture significant value form digitalization.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.