Из «тридцатых» в «десятые»: функции костюмов в классических голливудских фильмах о недавнем прошлом
The article addresses certain ways of interpreting a fashionable silhouette of the early 20th century in costume design for period 1930s Hollywood films. Classical Hollywood films set in 1910s are the main focus of this research as they give an interesting perspective of analyzing the case of short historical distance in costume design. The fashion image of this decade was largely ignored by Hollywood costume designers for several reasons. First, the short historical distance between these two decades complicated the process of forming a certain image of the era that could be transmitted to the screen in such a way that the mass audience would easily recognize this particular era. Secondly, despite some radical differences in fashions of these two decades, the films set in 1910s usually didn’t seem historical enough for the audiences in 1930s – again, because of the short time distance. Finally, Hollywood costume designers of 1930s created memorable, sometimes way too extravagant, but nonetheless fashionable costumes, that functioned on screen in a similar way to a fashion show. Thus, the use of outdated clothes that made the impression of being vintage was largely avoided. Analyzing several American films of 1930s would help to explore how these strategies work in particular cases.