"Желание быть видимым": Френсис Фукуяма в поисках объяснения новых тенденций мировой политики. Рецензия на книгу: Фукуяма Ф. Идентичность: стремление к признанию и политика неприятия / пер. с англ. М.: Альпина Паблишер, 2019. 256 с.
The review article provides a critical analysis of the main points of Francis Fukuyama’s latest book, which deals with the identity crisis of Western liberal democracy. The author focuses on Fukuyama’s assessment of actual global developments from the perspective of struggle of nations and groups for recognition. Special attention is given to the role that a broadly understood national identity could play in stabilizing social and political processes of the modern world.
The authors analyze results of an empiric study of state identity of Saint-Petersburg higher education institutions’ graduates. The conclusion is validated in the article that a today’s type of graduate does not contribute to state identity formation, and its key elements (a cognitive, an emotional-evaluative, a regulatory-axiological and a behavioural ones) are disintegrated: strivings to increase young people’s knowledge of the state, to develop their concept of due and right do not change their course of action in relation to the state, and demonstration of a certain level of knowledge is neutralized by distrust to current political day-to-day realities, which causes formal perception of the state as of something outer and adversary.
The article describes theoretical and practical contradictions of state identity, national identity and civic identity concepts. The conclusion on the preference of civic-state identity concept in describing the processes of individuals identifying with the social whole in the individualized society is developed. Contemporary challenges on controllability of postmodern society are discussed.
The article deals with the processes of building the information society and security in the CIS in accordance with modern conditions. The main objective is to review existing mechanisms for the formation of a common information space in the Eurasian region, regarded as one of the essential aspects of international integration. The theoretical significance of the work is to determine the main controls of the regional information infrastructure, improved by the development of communication features in a rapid process.The practical component consists in determining the future policies of the region under consideration in building the information society. The study authors used historical-descriptive approach and factual analysis of events having to do with drawing the contours of today's global information society in the regional refraction.
The main result is the fact that the development of information and communication technologies, and network resources leads to increased threats of destabilization of the socio-political situation in view of the emergence of multiple centers that generate the ideological and psychological background. Keeping focused information policy can not be conceived without the collective participation of States in the first place, members of the group leaders of integration - Russia, Belarus and Kazakhstan. Currently, only produced a comprehensive approach to security in the information field in the Eurasian region, but the events in the world, largely thanks to modern technology, make the search for an exit strategy with a much higher speed. The article contributes to the science of international relations, engaging in interdisciplinary thinking that is associated with a transition period in the development of society. A study of current conditions in their relation to the current socio-political patterns of the authors leads to conclusions about the need for cooperation with the network centers of power in the modern information environment, the formation of alternative models of networking, especially in innovation and scientific and technical areas of information policy, and expanding the integration of the field in this region on the information content.