Значение социального статуса и роли личности для целей криминологического прогнозирования индивидуального преступного поведения
one of the tasks of criminological forecasting is to determine the factors that determine the criminal behavior of a person. In relation to a group of crimes committed in connection with the presence of a certain social status or role, such factors should include the status and role characteristics of the individual. Purpose: to evaluate the significance of social status and role for the purposes of criminological forecasting. Methodological basis: dialectical and formal legal methods. Results: a number of status-role characteristics are fixed in the criminal law and are taken into account when qualifying the act and bringing the perpetrator to justice. Within the framework of the doctrine of the criminal personality, these characteristics are recognized as its structural components. At the same time, the appeal to the concept of the mechanism of criminal behavior shows that the formation of the moral position of the criminal's personality, and a specific life situation are directly related to the social status and role of the person, which allows us to determine the value of the latter for forecasting purposes. Conclusion: one of the predicted variants of individual behavior should be the assumption of the probability of illegal use of status-role opportunities by a person. However, this assumption cannot be justified by the mere fact of the existence of these capabilities, which must be supplemented by the characteristics of the normative and moral sphere.