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Article

Миграционные намерения выпускников школ малых и средних городов России

The article is based on the results of a quantitative survey of school graduates from small and midsize towns of Russia and on the materials of expert interviews (conducted in 2015 and 2018). It is concluded that over 90% of modern 11th-grade students of midsize and small towns are going to get a higher education. However, the majority of school graduates associate the implementation of these plans and their further career development with migration from hometowns. Migration intentions are higher among school students from small towns. Educational and migration strategies of young people correlate with their academic performance, parental education level and material prosperity of their families. The leading migration’s directions are the large cities, including their own regional centers. The choice of their own regional centers (or rejection of them in favor of other large cities) is influenced by the location and territorial proximity of the hometown, availability of wide range of universities and further employment opportunities in the regional center. The most successful school graduates move to Moscow and St. Petersburg, and there is almost no chance of their return to hometowns.