The mechanism of representation of regional interests at the federal level in Russia: problems and solutions
The low functional effectiveness of institutions of regional representation is an urgent issue for the Russian political system. The Russian system of bi-cameraltsm is in crisis because the Federation Council has, to a large extent, lost its function as a body of authority representing regional interests due to the current practices o f delegating senators. There are also problems related to the role of the Federation Council in the law-making process and division of
competencies between the two houses of the Russian parliament. The fact that it has become virtually impossible to create regional parties in Russia is yet another obstacle for regional representation. The functions of the State Council and the Council of Lawmakers are very limited not specified in legislation and reduced to the purely consultative. As a result, the balance in the centre-region relations is distorted, though retaining situational stability because of the
absence of meaningful regional impulses able to offset the balance of power.