Визуализация законодательства: будущее или реальность?
The article consideres various aspects of the visualization of legislation. The rapid development of information technology determines intensive use of visual aids and multimedia tools in different areas of public life. Jurisprudence does not use the full potential of visual aids, that leads to difficulties in the perception of normative legal acts by subjects of law realization. Based on the the analysis of legislative texts studies and possible tools for visualizing legislation, the authors have identified some existing problems and suggested ways of resolving them.
The history of visual anthropology as method and theory is considered in the paper. Its place in the system of cultural sciences, as well its practical functions carried out first of all while conducting the field research are analyzed. The short history of audiovisual documenting and using of photo and cinema tools in the western expedition practices is discussed. The situation of "communication turn» in anthropology as the factor which redefined the identity of discipline in the second half of the XX century is discribed.
It is apparent that the monistic, single-factor theory cannot explain the diverse world of law; for such explanation one should refer to broad philosophical categories that could describe social (actual), normative, and ideal aspects of reality. This category in modern theoretical jurisprudence may well be the concept of “communication”. The idea of communication in law was developed in depth in the modern German philosophy of law (Werner Krawietz, Niklas Luhmann, Helmut Schelsky and others), but it is not alien in the Russian legal discourse either. This is evidenced by the writings of Leon Petrazycki and other members of the St. Petersburg school of legal philosophy, who as early as in the early 20th century have formulated the legal problems of communication and attempted to explore it using the terms of philosophy of that time. To rely on the developments done by members of this school and to use their ideas as a semantic light tower in (re)designing the communicative philosophy of law in Russia are a necessary prerequisite of the scientific discourse and, in particular, of the work within the framework of the “St. Petersburg Dialogue” that is held amongst Russian and German legal theorists.
In this study, we aim to discover Russian “centers of excellence” and explore patterns of their collaboration with each other and with foreign partners. Highly cited papers serve as a proxy for “excellence” and co-authored papers as a measure of collaborative efforts. We find that at the moment research institutes (of the Russian Academy of Sciences as well as others) remain the key players, in spite of recent government initiatives to stimulate university science. The contribution of commercial sector to high-impact research is negligible. More than 90% of Russian highly cited papers involve international collaboration, Russian institutions often not playing a dominant role there. Patterns of national (“intra-national”) collaboration differ significantly across different types of organizations, the strongest ties are between three nuclear/particle physics centers. We draw a co-authorship map to visualize collaboration between Russian centers of excellence.
The goal of the conference is to help build cross-disciplinary networks of analysts, software specialists, and researchers to advance the use of textual information in multiple science, technology, and business development fields. Within this context, conference themes will include, but are not limited to:
DataSourcing, preparing, and interpreting data sources including patents, publications, webscraping, and other novel data sources
Text-mining tools and methodsBest practices in software-based topic modeling, clumping, association rules, term manipulation, text manipulation, etc. Visualization
Applied researchFuture-Oriented Technology Analysis (FTA) Intelligence gathering to support decision-making in the private sector (e.g., Management of Technology)
The articles in this collection are written on the basis of reports made in 2015 at the faculty of computational mathematics and cybernetics of Moscow State University M.V. Lomonosova at the annual meeting of the XVIII Interdisciplinary Scientific Seminar "Mathematical modeling and informatics of social processes" named Hero of Socialist Labor Academician A.A. Samarskogo. The publication is intended for researchers, teachers, students, universities and research institutes Russian Academy of Sciences with an interest in the development and implementation of the methodology of mathematical modeling for the study of social processes.
In this paper we present some preliminary results for text corpus visualization by means of so-called reference graphs. The nodes of this graph stand for key words or phrases extracted from the texts and the edges represent the reference relation. The node A refers to the node B if the corresponding key word / phrase B is more likely to co-occur with key word / phrase A than to occur on its own. Since reference graphs are directed graphs, we are able to use graphtheoretic algorithms for further analysis of the text corpus. The visualization technique is tested on our own Web-based corpus of Russian-language newspapers.
In this study, we discover Russian “centers of excellence” and explore patterns of their collaboration with each other and with foreign partners. Highly cited papers serve as a proxy for “excellence” and coauthored papers as a measure of collaborative efforts. We find that currently research institutes (of the Russian Academy of Sciences as well as others) remain the key players despite recent government initiatives to stimulate university science. The contribution of the commercial sector to high-impact research is negligible. More than 90% of Russian highly cited papers involve international collaboration, and Russian institutions often do not play a dominant role. Partnership with U.S., German, U.K., and French scientists increases markedly the probability of a Russian paper becoming highly cited. Patterns of national (“intranational”) collaboration in world-class research differ significantly across different types of organizations; the strongest ties are between three nuclear/particle physics centers. Finally, we draw a coauthorship map to visualize collaboration between Russian centers of excellence.
In the monograph in honor of the 60th anniversary of Professor of St. Petersburg State University Dr. Andrey V. Polyakov are collected works of Russian and foreign scholars devoted to theory of legal communication elaborated by Professor Polyakov, as well as to other topical issues of legal science related to that theory. The authors (Genevra Lukovskaya, Ilya Chestnov, Edoardo Fittipaldi, Elena Timoshina, Vladimir Lazarev, Vladimir Syrykh, Nikolay Vlasenko, Igor Nevvazhay, Alexey Ovchinnikov, Vadim Pavlov, Alexey Stovba and others) of the first volume analyze theory of legal communication; the second volume includes essays on some problematic issues of legal philosophy and jurisprudence related to theory of legal communication (including the works of Mark Van Hoecke, Eugenio Bulygin, Leonid Mamut, Vladimir Baranov, Bjarne Melkevik, Csaba Varga, Norbert Rouland, Igor Gryazin, Valentina Lapaeva, Natalia Varlamova, Alexander S. Alexandrov and others).
The article is devoted to a particular form of freedom of assembly — the right to counter-demonstrate. The author underlines the value of this right as an element of democratic society, but also acknowledges the risk of violent actions among participants of opposing demonstrations. Due to this risk, the government may adopt adequate measures restricting the right to counter-demonstrate, certain types of which are analyzed in this paper.
Development of standards of international controllability is reviewed in the article. Institutional approach is applied to development of international legal regime of Energy Charter. Definition of controllability is connected to development of international standards of dispute settlement, which are described in the article in detail. In connection with controllability, Russian interest, defense of investment in European Union and ecological investment encouragement, is reviewed in the article.
мировое управление и управляемость, Мировая экономика, международное экономическое право, энергетическая хартия, International control and controllability, International economics, international economic law, Energy Charter
международное частное право; недвижимость; ; школа бартолистов; бартолисты; теория статутов; статуарная теория/