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  • Херсонес Таврический: пространственная организация и назначение укрепления на перешейке Маячного полуострова [Chersonesus Taurica: Spatial Organisation and Purpose of the Stronghold on the Isthmus of the Lighthouse Peninsula]

Article

Херсонес Таврический: пространственная организация и назначение укрепления на перешейке Маячного полуострова [Chersonesus Taurica: Spatial Organisation and Purpose of the Stronghold on the Isthmus of the Lighthouse Peninsula]

Вестник древней истории. 2019. Т. 3. С. 608-639.
Зедгенидзе А. А.

This article deals with Strabo’s παλαιὰ Χερρόνησος, namely the spatial organisation and purpose of the Stronghold (τείχη) on the isthmus of the Lighthouse Peninsula. The article describes the fortification of the Stronghold, establishes the date of its construction, which is the late 5th or early 4th century BC, presents a plan of the Stronghold and studies its zones (akropolis, central and harbour parts). The main result of the study is a conclusion about placing the garrison (φρουρά) on the akropolis of the Stronghold, which is therefore defined as φρούριον; this solves the problem of the purpose of the Stronghold. The construction of the Stronghold established the north-western border of Chersonesus on the Heracleian Peninsula, strengthened the control of the peninsula, the result of which was the beginning of exploitation of the chora.