• A
  • A
  • A
  • ABC
  • ABC
  • ABC
  • А
  • А
  • А
  • А
  • А
Regular version of the site

Article

Псалтирь следованная MS. Or. 133 из коллекции Э. Рюппеля: особенности содержания

Psaltir’ Sledovannaya (Church Slavonic Псалтирь следованная) is a valuable
source for the history of Ethiopia, particularly of the initial period of feudal decentralisation
in this region, its literary and church-related traditions and the adjacent disciplines.
It has a parallel “rendering” in the Amharic language, termed Andəmta in the
Ethiopian tradition (MS or. 133), from the library of the Gondar kings. This MS is kept
in the University Library of Johann Christian Senckenberg of Frankfurt University as
part of the collection of the German scholar and traveller Edward Rüppell, whose scientifi
c activity took place in the mid-19th century. The manuscript in question, copied
not later than 1755 (the last year of the reign of the fi rst of the monarchs mentioned
in the text), is a rare specimen of a book from the royal library and represents an example
of explaining Scripture in the Amharic language that was understandable to the
contemporaries (referred to as Old Amharic, a variety of Amharic typical of Ethiopia
in the 17th — 18th centuries). The text is arranged in two columns, which is unusual for
the manuscripts of the Psalter, but makes it possible to give parallel texts in Ge’ez (left
column) and Amharic (right column). This manuscript belonged to several representatives
of the ruling dynasty, whose names are mentioned in the text. Manuscripts of
such content are extremely rare (which, in particular, is shown through the analysis of
printed catalogues of Ethiopian MSs) and deserve a separate study.