Bones from the wooden street pavements of the medieval Novgorod the Great: Can they tell a story?
Here I discuss a collection of animal bones, found on the two succeeding
wooden pavements of the medieval Kozmodemyanskaya Street of Novgorod
the Great. The pioneering study draws attention to the bones found in
wooden street pavements as a valuable source of information on the life of
the medieval city.
This article consists of a publication of one of the most important graffiti-inscriptions on fragments of fresco plaster found in the course of excavations in 2014 in St. George’s Cathedral in Novgorod’s Yuriev Monastery. The graffito was a note recording the death of Prince Yaroslav Vladimirovich’s sons, Izyaslav and Rostislav, who according to evidence in the chronicle died in the early summer of 1198 and were buried in the monastery’s cathedral. The precise dates included in the text (the burial of Izyaslav on June 15th and the death of Rostislav on June 20th) shed light on the circumstances, in which on June 8, 1198 the foundations were laid for the Church of the Transfiguration on Nereditsa Hill, which is thought to have been founded in connection with the death of the Prince’s sons.
The paper is focused on the comparative zooarchaeological analysis of one of the Russian medieval strongholds. Animal bones originating from the sediments of the Tver stronghold (Tver Kremlin), accumulated over the period of its existence (12-18th centuries), are analyzed. The composition and nature of the bones of animals from Tver Kremlin correspond in general to those from strongholds of other medieval cities of Russia's forest zone. The basic set of bones and characteristics of animals from the Tver Kremlin are similar to bones and animals from medieval Tver town. At the same time, some features characterize the Tver Kremlin as a status place. The paper provides the first chronological breakdown of the substantial zooarchaeological assemblages from the excavations at Tver
The article is a preliminary publication of the birchbark letters found in Veliky Novgorod and Staraya Russa during the archaeological season of 2018.
This is the publication of several Early Old Russian graffiti-inscriptions from the Saint Sophia Cathedral in Novgorod with paleographic, linguistic and historical commentary. It includes the revised text of a 13-lines-long prayer (graffito № 206); an inscription mentioning the Turkic name Sanbdusb; a new Glagolitic graffito from the Martirievskaia Porch; two inscriptions by church assistants mentioning their Slavic non-Christian names; a graffito dated 6614 (AD 1106/1107).
The 12th volume of the series contains the texts of Novgorod birch-bark documents N 916-1062 unearthed in the course of the excavations of 2001-2014, as well as those found in Staraya Russa (N 37-45). Most of the published documents originate from the Troicky excavation site and are dated to the 12th century. The core of the volume is formed by the documents from the estate Ж, where the concentration of birch-bark letters is significantly higher than at any other medieval Novgorod estate explored so far. Of special importance are two deposits: financial and economic records of Yakim (second half of the 12th century) comprising the largest set of document written by one hand, and correspondence of Luke, Ivan and Snovid (mid 12th century) containing fine examples of Early Rus’ merchants’ correspondence. The texts of the documents are published with comprehensive linguistic and historical commentary. The second part of the book contains corrections to the readings and interpretations of the birch-bark documents published in the previous volumes of the series as well as updating of some of tables of extra-stratigraphic dating published in the 10th volume. The volume also contains a linguistic index and a list of conventional dates of the published documents.
The book is a festschrift to famous Swedish slavist Dr. Elisabeth Löfstrand. The book includes essays in Russian and Slavonic history and culture, Russian archives also