Проблема применения категории «стрессоустойчивость» в политике кибербезопасности Евросоюза
The unique nature of cyberspace, characterized by interdependence between material and social objects as well as the complexity of its structures, urges leading actors of world politics to seek new strategies of organizing their activities within this area. In the European Union, cybersecurity issues are debated on the basis of the resilience category. In this context the latter is understood as a system’s ability to adjust to new challenges, flexibly respond to threats, and successfully recover after blows. Using a discourse analysis approach the authors examine the genesis of the resiliencediscourse and the logic of its development in the EU cybersecurity policy, reveal nuances of how this category is interpreted in official documents as well as point out difficulties regarding practical application of this category.
The authors trace a gradual evolution of the EU approach towards cybersecurity from the well-established definitions of cyberspace to the ecosystem terms and concepts, which are particularly relevant to the resilience-based concept of cybersecurity. Within this approach, the Internet is considered not as a static object but as a complex heterogeneous system where a state of security is inextricably linked to a state of insecurity.
There is no single and coherent definition of resilience in the EU official documents yet. Nevertheless, it is stressed that one can see a gradual transformation of the official discourse from purely technical definitions to inclusion of a wider range of socio-political factors. However, the EU official discourse on this issue remains highly controversial. This refers, for instance, to the lack of a unified understanding of the ‘cyberresilience’ and ‘cybersecurity’ concepts. The authors highlight a tendency towards increasing securitization of the cybersphere in the EU cybersecurity discourse, which might lead to the narrowing of the concept of ‘cyberresilience’ and its transformation into a common euphemism. At the same time the authors conclude that the EU itself is not interested in oversecuritization of the cybersphere, and thus the EU cybersecurity policy will eventually evolve towards resilience-based approaches.
This book provides a comprehensive analysis of the ways in which new media technologies have shaped language and communication in contemporary Russia. It traces the development of the Russian-language internet (Runet) from late-Soviet cybernetics to the advent of Twitter and explores the evolution of web-based communication practices, showing how they have both shaped and been shaped by social, political, linguistic and literary realities. Throughout the volume, leading Runet scholars draw attention to features and trends that are characteristic of global new media, as well as those that are more specific to Russian media culture.
Demyanova E.A. SPAIN IN THE EU: RESULTS. This article is devoted to studying of the results of Spain's accession to the European Union. The research is based on investigation of gradual integration of Spain in the carrying out of the main EU policies, such as: fiscal, monetary, foreign trade and foreign exchange, and estimation of how this affected the Spanish economy. As a result of realized analysis the following conclusion can be made - the participation in EU policy has helped Spain to deal with many problems that existed for a long time and leaded to stabilizing economic growth rates.
Information space as a new (geo)political space exerts an increasingly higher infl uence on the global processes. Despite its specifi c nature, its connection with physical space is growing, furthermore, the states describe themselves as leading actors of information space more actively. Although the approaches diff er from one another, information space is being generally perceived in the traditional categories of sovereignty, borders and territory. Th e states serve as accelerators of interrelated processes of militarization, securitization and diplomatization of information space, which are typical for other spaces. Strengthening such tendencies and including a greater number of countries lead to new forms of cooperation and confl icts. Key words: information space, cyberspace, geopolitics, sovereignty, actor, state.
This article contains a comparative analysis of Russian and European systems of statistical data, which identifies common problems and suggests methods for improving Russia’s system of statistical records. The paper delves into three common problems in Russia. The first is that research and development (R&D) costs are allocated as part of the innovation process, while the second is that the cost of innovation is not listed separately in the financial records (reducing their accuracy and also requiring statistical surveys). The third is that different industries use their own classifications and parameters. The document says that Russia now has problems using European statistical methods, data on the association of public and private investments, and calculating the level of R&D spending by European Union (EU) methods. With respect to tax calculation, the study finds that since the EU calculation is based on the proportion of costs and amount of value added tax (VAT), the revenue rate will tend to be overstated for countries - like Russia - which base a significant proportion of their income on raw materials. In consequence, the review has outlined a number of revenue proposals, such as making tax incentives for private enterprise a proportion of the cost of innovation. It has also suggested that the Russian government and business sectors separately determine revenue costs, while also disregarding industries that do not employ an acceptable number of researchers by scientific sector or branches of production. In conclusion, the blueprint says the Russian system’s principal drawback is its insufficient application of teaching materials based on the practical experience of the EU countries. The general assumption is that innovative development would be impossible without the application of a reliable system for collecting statistics on innovative activities.
Offers its readers an article is a concise statement of the hypothesis on the possible conceptual foundations of information law of the digital age, that is the system of control in relationships, which must inevitably arise in the expanding penetration of information and networking technologies in the life of modern society. This vision of information law as the law of cyberspace, the Russian equivalent of English Cyberspace Law, was first presented by us January 27, 2000 at a conference on actual problems of information law at the Moscow State Law Academy. OE Kutafin. If you submit that information and communication networks - is not just a new means of communication, and the new habitat area of human civilization, a new sphere of human activity and the scope of the new law, it is easy to understand that the information law should have a special method of regulation, because regulation of the public relations, first of all, will be carried out in cyberspace.
In modern psychology, more attention is paid to theories aimed at finding and actualizing the person’s strengths. This study examines the role of resilience as a personality trait on the ability to cope with difficult life situations during college. The respondents of this study live in a foreign country without parents, socialize in a new environment, and are forced to master the curriculum in a non-native language. It examines how psychological well-being depends on resilience and whether there are gender differences in the severity of traits. It analyzes what problems students have and how the success of overcoming them depends on resilience. It turned out that resilience correlates with psychological well-being, more resilient respondents cope more successfully with the resolution of difficult life situations, more easily adapt to a new environment, and have fewer emotional problems. However, no one named resilience as a resource; the support of other people is a much more important factor. This observation needs further verification.
Focuses on open issues of new paradigm of human-centered society influenced by implementation and spreading cyberphysics systems
Contains new ideas and results for the field of systems science concerning human-centered society and its environment
Declares new approaches for understanding relations in society based on data analysis and modeling using artificial intelligent
The role of the EU as a model for global institutions
The article deals with the processes of building the information society and security in the CIS in accordance with modern conditions. The main objective is to review existing mechanisms for the formation of a common information space in the Eurasian region, regarded as one of the essential aspects of international integration. The theoretical significance of the work is to determine the main controls of the regional information infrastructure, improved by the development of communication features in a rapid process.The practical component consists in determining the future policies of the region under consideration in building the information society. The study authors used historical-descriptive approach and factual analysis of events having to do with drawing the contours of today's global information society in the regional refraction.
The main result is the fact that the development of information and communication technologies, and network resources leads to increased threats of destabilization of the socio-political situation in view of the emergence of multiple centers that generate the ideological and psychological background. Keeping focused information policy can not be conceived without the collective participation of States in the first place, members of the group leaders of integration - Russia, Belarus and Kazakhstan. Currently, only produced a comprehensive approach to security in the information field in the Eurasian region, but the events in the world, largely thanks to modern technology, make the search for an exit strategy with a much higher speed. The article contributes to the science of international relations, engaging in interdisciplinary thinking that is associated with a transition period in the development of society. A study of current conditions in their relation to the current socio-political patterns of the authors leads to conclusions about the need for cooperation with the network centers of power in the modern information environment, the formation of alternative models of networking, especially in innovation and scientific and technical areas of information policy, and expanding the integration of the field in this region on the information content.
This special publication for the 2012 New Delhi Summit is a collection of articles by government officials from BRICS countries, representatives of international organizations, businessmen and leading researchers.
The list of Russian contributors includes Sergei Lavrov, Foreign Minister of Russia, Maxim Medvedkov, Director of the Trade Negotiations Department of the Russian Ministry of Economic Development, Vladimir Dmitriev, Vnesheconombank Chairman, Alexander Bedritsky, advisor to the Russian President, VadimLukov, Ambassador-at-large of the Russian Foreign Affairs Ministry, and representatives of the academic community.
The publication also features articles by the President of Kazakhstan NursultanNazarbayev and internationally respected economist Jim O’Neil, who coined the term “BRIC”. In his article Jim O’Neil speculates about the future of the BRICS countries and the institution as a whole.
The publication addresses important issues of the global agenda, the priorities of BRICS and the Indian Presidency, the policies and competitive advantages of the participants, as well as BRICS institutionalization, enhancing efficiency and accountability of the forum.