Introduction : Sacred Geographies and Identity Claims: The Revival of Sacred Sites in the Post-Soviet Space
One significant form of the religious revival in the post-Soviet space is the revival of sacred sites, a revival that takes many forms. The forum aims to ask what does this revival mean and how can it be approached? Against the background of attempts at desecration or at ‘muting’ the sacred during the Soviet period, should the revival of sacred sites be understood as a process of de-secularisation and re-enchantment? How is this process connected to identity claims? This forum explores these questions by examining the process of reviving sacred sites in various post-Soviet countries, specifically Russia (the Urals, Dagestan and North Ossetia), Kazakhstan and Tajikistan. The contributions to the forum show diverse ways in which processes of reviving or preserving these sites are connected with forms of identification (religious, secular, ethnic, national and transnational), as revealed through the prism of practice, narrative and materiality. The multiple identities that have emerged during the revival of sacred space can blend, coexist or compete.
Is Orientalism on outcome of the academic scholarship studying the Orient, its peoples, their history and culture? Or, as the American literary critic of the Palestinian origin Edward Said argues, it rather justifies colonialism in the past and the modern expansionist policy of the Western powers? This collection of articles written by Russian and foreign orientalists aims to help readers to understand this multifaceted problems. It includes arguments for both "for" and "against" the famous concept of E. Said. The object of the study of most of the authors of the collection are Muslims - the population of regions traditionally practicing Islam, and migrants, as well as the orientalists studying the era of the colonial empires and the Soviet period that followed it in Russia. A thoughtful reader should form his own opinion on this issueeader will find it reliable arguments in this matter.
The Nogais of the North-Eastern Caucasus call their funeral stone steles syntaslar. Thousands of these steles rise in the cemeteries of the Nogai Steppe. So far, they have not attracted the attention of researchers yet. The book first introduces into the scientific turnover of about three hundred Nogai syntaslar. These are curious monuments culture of one of the Muslim peoples of Russia. The earliest of these steles date back to to the last quarter of the XVIII century. This type of monuments is preserved in the Nogai Steppe up to 70-80-ies of the XX century. The authors of the book analyze texts, form and ornamentation of grave steles, images on them of various objects related to both Islamic denomination of Nogai, as well as clothes, ornaments and occupations of men and women. Particular attention is paid to the inscriptions of the XVIII-XX centuries, made in Arabic script, mainly in literary Arabic. Book is designed not only for specialists, but also for a wide range of readers interested in history and culture of the Turkic Muslim peoples.
A number of papers on the sociology of Islam are based on an assumption about the domination of a negative, or at least “problematic” nature of Islam. Many authors connect such image with terrorism, violence and migration. A securitization of Islam occurs not only in the media, but even in academic research through reproducing the Orientalist approach. Despite the fact that the narrative of Islamophobia is firmly entrenched in many types of discourse about Islam, the simple question remains unanswered: how is this happening? In this paper we try to answer this question by studying the materials of the Russian media. What are the mechanisms of creating the discourse of Islamophobia? How is the opposition of traditional and radical Islam being created? How important is the agenda of the Islam experts our in forging knowledge about Islam? The main goal of this work is to show the mechanism that makes Islamophobia a hegemonic discourse in the Russian media.
This summary of the report describes the construction and testing of a theoretical model of the socio-economic adaptation (SEA) of immigrants, considering psychological factors as basic. In the analysis of previous studies, acculturation attitudes of immigrants were identified as key psychological factors of SEA for the construction of a theoretical model; the length of stay in the host country and language skills were used as control variables; ethnic and religious identification were used as predictors of acculturation attitudes.
The articles discusses some characteristics of the Orthodox religious sociolect. It studies vocabulary of the Orthodox pilgrims. Religious conversion and socialization that follows is is closely connected with and even depends to some extent on the successful learning of the new (religious) sociolect. The article is based on the field research made among Russian Orthodox pilgrims in the North-west of Russia. Special attention in the research is paid to the emic concept (and word) 'namolenny'.
This article is talking about state management and cultural policy, their nature and content in term of the new tendency - development of postindustrial society. It mentioned here, that at the moment cultural policy is the base of regional political activity and that regions can get strong competitive advantage if they are able to implement cultural policy successfully. All these trends can produce elements of new economic development.