Where there’s a will, there’s a way: Ten ways of settling an insoluble territorial dispute
Understanding ‘sovereignty' as one and indivisible substance is very convenient for politicians and lawyers, but in the modern political reality it is hardly achievable. Alternative approaches to sovereignty, which imply the possibility of blending the legal systems of different states in the same territory, considerably expand opportunities for resolving territorial disputes. In this article vast historical material is used to illustrate the experience of implementing various models of territorial governance, such as an associated state, transboundary region, sovereign region, leased territory, free territory, no-man's territory, buffer zone, temporary administration, condominium, and commune. The described set of options may help break the deadlock in negotiations on almost any territorial dispute, provided the parties concerned have the political will to achieve a peaceful compromise.
The article deals with the interaction of economic and political drivers making China’s maritime activity more and more intense. Basic trends of development in the key spheres of marine economy (i.e., sea ports, transport, shipbuilding, fishing and aquaculture, оffshore oil and gas extraction) are studied in depth. The author argues that the internal disbalances in China’s marine economy lead to its expansion abroad. The dynamics of maritime territorial disputes in the China’s nearest seas is analyzed in details. The article also shows that the maritime sphere has become one of the hot spots in the emerging Sino – US clash of rival interests.
The article explores France's territorial disputes in Europe and beyond (in French overseas territories), as well as disputes settlement approaches adopted by Paris. The author outlines the historical background of the disputes and the motives that guide France in allocating significant funds for the maintenance of high-cost overseas territories, some of them are disputed by regional countries. In Europe France relies on both bilateral mechanisms and EU instruments to resolve disputes. The French territorial disagreements with other countries remain more acute in the overseas lands of France than in Europe. Paris promotes a method of gradual settlement based on the idea that the joint development of disputed areas allows to mitigate contradictions and to create conditions for a long-term territorial settlement. The French overseas Department of Mayotte is a special territorial case: the Union of the Comoros claims for this territory are supported by the UN. The French rationale for retaining Mayotte as part of France despite the UN decision is based on the results of several referendums, when the island's residents voted for this idea.
The issue of capital city relocation is a topic of debate for more than forty countries around the world. In this first book to discuss the issue, Vadim Rossman offers an in-depth analysis of the subject, highlighting the global trends and the key factors that motivate different countries to consider such projects, analyzing the outcomes and drawing lessons from recent capital city transfers worldwide for governments and policy-makers.
From the raw diamonds of the eighteenth century, it has been turned into today. Yet, even now, the indigenous India, largely hidden away from public vision. This is a picture of the realm of the Gonds, where it can be seen. It has been shaped by the local miners in Panna and is shaped by The miners dig, the miners dig, savoir vivre . They remain dynamic, and success. It is clear that they can bind themselves to the miner's life. This is a protagonist story that has been spelled out. Based on the ethnographic fieldwork in Pannah, Madhya Pradesh State University of Central Asia
The article deals with the concept of ‘linguacultural conflict’ seen in the context of language and culture contact research as the negative attitude to or the rejection of a foreign linguistic unit caused by differences and contradictions in the underpinning systems of ideas, norms and values in contacting linguacultures. The term ‘linguacultural conflict’ is specified in its juxtaposition with the other terms used in conflict linguistics, namely, ‘language conflict’ and ‘cultural (cross-cultural, intercultural) conflict’. It is argued that a more in-depth analysis of various aspects of linguacultural conflict can be conducted with the help of the approaches developed in general conflict studies, which have recently acquired the status of an independent area of humanitarian research. The article suggests that the notions of ‘language conflict’, ‘cultural conflict’ and ‘linguacultural conflict’ can be additionally distinguished on the basis of their correlation with the notions of ‘intergroup conflict’, ‘interpersonal conflict’ and ‘intrapersonal conflict’ respectively. Further elaboration of this concept in the future may involve the analysis of its structural components, basic features, markers and indicators, ways of management and resolution, etc. ‘Linguacultural conflict’ can potentially become one of the key concepts of linguacultural studies, a relatively new independent branch of linguistics which is still developing a system of its own concepts and terms. Besides, conflict linguistics, which so far has been largely ignored by conflict research, can contribute to the general theory of conflict.
The article deals with the processes of building the information society and security in the CIS in accordance with modern conditions. The main objective is to review existing mechanisms for the formation of a common information space in the Eurasian region, regarded as one of the essential aspects of international integration. The theoretical significance of the work is to determine the main controls of the regional information infrastructure, improved by the development of communication features in a rapid process.The practical component consists in determining the future policies of the region under consideration in building the information society. The study authors used historical-descriptive approach and factual analysis of events having to do with drawing the contours of today's global information society in the regional refraction.
The main result is the fact that the development of information and communication technologies, and network resources leads to increased threats of destabilization of the socio-political situation in view of the emergence of multiple centers that generate the ideological and psychological background. Keeping focused information policy can not be conceived without the collective participation of States in the first place, members of the group leaders of integration - Russia, Belarus and Kazakhstan. Currently, only produced a comprehensive approach to security in the information field in the Eurasian region, but the events in the world, largely thanks to modern technology, make the search for an exit strategy with a much higher speed. The article contributes to the science of international relations, engaging in interdisciplinary thinking that is associated with a transition period in the development of society. A study of current conditions in their relation to the current socio-political patterns of the authors leads to conclusions about the need for cooperation with the network centers of power in the modern information environment, the formation of alternative models of networking, especially in innovation and scientific and technical areas of information policy, and expanding the integration of the field in this region on the information content.
This special publication for the 2012 New Delhi Summit is a collection of articles by government officials from BRICS countries, representatives of international organizations, businessmen and leading researchers.
The list of Russian contributors includes Sergei Lavrov, Foreign Minister of Russia, Maxim Medvedkov, Director of the Trade Negotiations Department of the Russian Ministry of Economic Development, Vladimir Dmitriev, Vnesheconombank Chairman, Alexander Bedritsky, advisor to the Russian President, VadimLukov, Ambassador-at-large of the Russian Foreign Affairs Ministry, and representatives of the academic community.
The publication also features articles by the President of Kazakhstan NursultanNazarbayev and internationally respected economist Jim O’Neil, who coined the term “BRIC”. In his article Jim O’Neil speculates about the future of the BRICS countries and the institution as a whole.
The publication addresses important issues of the global agenda, the priorities of BRICS and the Indian Presidency, the policies and competitive advantages of the participants, as well as BRICS institutionalization, enhancing efficiency and accountability of the forum.
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.