Measurement of the Temperature of Dielectric Rods in Heat Treatment in Microwave Devices with Longitudinal Interaction
A method for the construction of microwave devices with longitudinal interaction is proposed. Devices of the present type create uniform cross-sectional distribution of temperature of rods made of polymer composite materials. Results from theoretical and experimental investigations of the cross-sectional distribution of the temperature of the material of the rod as well as the parameters of the microwave device are presented.
The experimental research results of the basalt cardboard thermal treatment with the microwave electromagnetic energy application are presented in the article. The weight change diagrams of the basalt cardboard samples during the drying process are given. Changes in the temperature behaviour are analyzed on the surface and inside the samples depending on coupling medium. An advice on the drying process parameters improvement is given.
Theoretical and experimental results of microwave radiation influence on the multi-layered biological tissues at 2450 MHz electromagnetic field frequency oscillations. Model and analytical calculation method of the temperature distribution inside the volume of biological tissue are presented. The prospects of the microwave radiation therapy are shown.
The results of calculation and measurement of temperature distribution in the leasing out of dielectric materials which are heated up in the microwave devices wave-water type. The calculation method of microwave devices of a waveguide type of heat treatment of sheet dielectric materials. Considered microwave devices, Otley-exclusive feature of which is the change of the geometrical sizes of a narrow wall of a rectangular waveguide, working mainly on the type of waves to ensure a uniform temperature in the processed sheet the dielectric-dielectric material.
The results of microwave influence aimed at the temperature rise in local area in multilayered biological tissues are given. the experimental results of temperature distribution in multilayered biological tissue are presented at the electromagnetic field frequency of 2450MHz. The model and analytic calculations for the temperature distribution inside the biological tissue are presented. The calculation results for the temperature distribution in multilayered biological tissues are given.
The computational model of the temperature sensors integrated on the IC chip with power transistors is developed. The 2D/3D problem of sensor placement is mathematically described by the classic heat transfer equation coupled with the equation for current density distribution. It is shown that parasitic effects of sensor current displacement and thermo-emf generation resulting from a temperature gradients (Seebeck effect) must be taken into account. For this purpose the special differential equation is introduced. The examples of point- and strip-like temperature sensors modeling for power BJTs and ICs are demonstrated.
Questions of the even temperature distribution creation in the volumetric materials with different dielectric losses placed in the beam-type microwave device are examined. The volumetric material was irradiated by two types of antennas which provided perpendicular and parallel flux direction of the electric-field vector relatively to the material's surface. Experimental data on the temperature field distribution in the volume of material is presented. It is shown that the total temperature dispersion is less than 5ºC inside the material heated up to 80ºC.
Generalized error-locating codes are discussed. An algorithm for calculation of the upper bound of the probability of erroneous decoding for known code parameters and the input error probability is given. Based on this algorithm, an algorithm for selection of the code parameters for a specified design and input and output error probabilities is constructed. The lower bound of the probability of erroneous decoding is given. Examples of the dependence of the probability of erroneous decoding on the input error probability are given and the behavior of the obtained curves is explained.
The dynamics of a two-component Davydov-Scott (DS) soliton with a small mismatch of the initial location or velocity of the high-frequency (HF) component was investigated within the framework of the Zakharov-type system of two coupled equations for the HF and low-frequency (LF) fields. In this system, the HF field is described by the linear Schrödinger equation with the potential generated by the LF component varying in time and space. The LF component in this system is described by the Korteweg-de Vries equation with a term of quadratic influence of the HF field on the LF field. The frequency of the DS soliton`s component oscillation was found analytically using the balance equation. The perturbed DS soliton was shown to be stable. The analytical results were confirmed by numerical simulations.
Radiation conditions are described for various space regions, radiation-induced effects in spacecraft materials and equipment components are considered and information on theoretical, computational, and experimental methods for studying radiation effects are presented. The peculiarities of radiation effects on nanostructures and some problems related to modeling and radiation testing of such structures are considered.
This volume presents new results in the study and optimization of information transmission models in telecommunication networks using different approaches, mainly based on theiries of queueing systems and queueing networks .
The paper provides a number of proposed draft operational guidelines for technology measurement and includes a number of tentative technology definitions to be used for statistical purposes, principles for identification and classification of potentially growing technology areas, suggestions on the survey strategies and indicators. These are the key components of an internationally harmonized framework for collecting and interpreting technology data that would need to be further developed through a broader consultation process. A summary of definitions of technology already available in OECD manuals and the stocktaking results are provided in the Annex section.