Институциональные и организационные условия развития инноваций в российском регионе: опыт Республики Татарстан
Innovations are becoming critical for the sustainable development of the Russian Federation. Most of the research on innovation policy is concerned with the national level, but neglects some of the essential regional-scale factors. The main goal of the study was to explore institutional factors that stimulate innovation processes at the regional level. The paper substantiates the hypothesis that in modern Russian conditions it is possible to implement regional innovation policies that differ in a set of unique institutional conditions and allow regions to compete for resources (investments, innovations, human capital, and others). Within the framework of this study, the main characteristics, stages of evolution and SWOT-analysis of the innovation system of one of the leading regions in innovation development in the RF, the Republic of Tatarstan, are highlighted. A special attention is paid to the analysis of changes in the regional innovation policy in 2005–2019 and identification of risks associated with its implementation. Th e main conclusion of the study is the idea that subnational institutions, which use indirect (soft) tools to stimulate innovation activity, to a signifi cant extent, form the innovative environment and become decisive in interregional competition. In our opinion, during the analyzed period such institutional innovations were essential for the Republic of Tatarstan. Among the key factors for the successful development of innovative processes in the Russian regions is the important role played by coordinated government action at all levels and eff ectiveness of dialogue between government and business.