ИСТОРИЧЕСКИЕ ТЕРРИТОРИИ. НОРМАТИВНЫЕ И НЕНОРМАТИВНЫЕ ПОДХОДЫ К ОБНОВЛЕНИЮ (Hard & Soft)
Historically valuable areas can be both an obstacle for and a stimulus of socio-economic growth depending on ability to use and estimate their potential. The existing practice of area development and management is focused on new construction and reconstruction. Transformation effects are assumed to mean cost benefits from the construction of new floor space in the historical environment, which has always been the riskiest type of development. At the same time, the refurbishment programs for the Russian host cities of World Cup 2018 gave a momentary and soft ‘reset’ of several historical centers without serious and time-consuming overhaul. The article estimates the effects from the juxtaposition of the impacts of traditional development and soft refurbishment strategies.
The article discusses the emergence of Russian historical heritage concept in 1800s. The period in question is marked with evoking of conscious interest to the national past (the first Russian historical museum – the Moscow Kremlin Armory – was opened in 1806). However, on the other hand, that was the period when professional institutions entitled to store national heritage (archives, libraries, museums) were either not yet formed in compliance with modern time’s rules and perceptions or did not exist at all.
The author analyses archival documents of His Imperial Majesty's Own Office (Kabinet Ego Imperatorskogo Velichestva) and Expedition of Kremlin Buildings (Ekspeditsia Kremlevskovo stroeniya) that are kept at the Russian State Archives of Ancient Documents (Rossiyskiy gosudarstvennyy arkhiv drevnikh aktov (RGADA), F. 1239). Among other things these institutions were responsible for keeping valuable objects that belonged to the ruling dynasty and, consequently, took part in shaping historical and cultural memory of the early 19th century Russian society.
In the research particular attention is given to the cases when the heads of these institutions (Ivan Tizengauzen and Piotr Valuyev) found themselves to be accused of selling off some of the Romanovs’ possessions. The ways they chose to solve similar problems greatly differed. The top officials of early Alexander I’ rule had to act in ambiguous situations that manifested the shift in understanding the mere value of things kept. The matter of functionality was by no means a priority, while the notion of symbolism was to play significant role.
This article focuses on analyzing the public discourse concerning Moscow’s renovation program. Articles in Russian media outlets were used as an empirical base for this study. In the year 2017 the word “renovation” was mentioned in 9935 articles (according to “Integrum”). Articles in federal media outlets involved with “Integrum” were used as a basis for analysis. All the work was carried out during the period from March and until August 2017. The theoretical-methodological basis for this study is represented by the key concepts of T. Dridze’s dialogical model of social communication, i.e. “semantic scissors” and “quasi-communication”, the latter considering the reasons why “semantic scissors” came about in the first place. The analysis allowed for identifying the participants of the renovation process: politicians, residents of buildings, urban development organizations, construction companies. Based on analyzing media publications, it can be concluded that a contradiction of semantic “focal points” occurred between politicians and residents, while the “public agreement” was being reevaluated. This contradiction was resolved by politicians thanks to them making a few corrections to the informational campaign on the renovation program, as well as creating platforms which allowed for negotiating with residents.
The article presents the experience of constructing of the social problems by students and teacher within the sociological course. Last years the course “Sociology of Social Problems” includes optional actionist part with a claims-making concerning some situations. The article describes actions made by the participants of the course with the aim to include in the city agenda such problems as the destroying of one of the famous historical buildings in Kazan (Karl Fuchs House), the inaccessibility of urban space for disabled people and the imposing of the music and ads on the pedestrians. The influence of such constructionist projects and their alleged significance for the students are discussed. In conclusion some questions concerning the transition from traditional teaching of sociology towards the teaching connected with the sociological intervention are formulated.
The application of mathematical modeling methods (with subsequent computer sales) to determine the parameters of accuracy geometry bands obtained with the new equipment and process the step deformation bands of hard alloys based on copper
This collection of essays was published in a form of a catalogue for one of the propgrams screened at the Yamagata International Documentary Film Fstival in October 2019. The program entitled "The Creative Treatment of Grierson in Wartime Japan" was co-organized by the Yamagata International Documentary Film Festival and the National Film Archive of Japan and presented a broad variety of wartime Japanese documentaries as well as British and Soviet films that have influenced them. The collection of essays explores the development of wartime Japanese documentary cinema from variety of historical and theoretical perspectives.
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.