Сегментация поставщиков: анализ существующих инструментов и разработка нового подхода для решения этой задачи
The article provides an overview of approaches for supplier segmentation: in particular, different matrices for evaluation (standard and modified) as well as maturity models and questionnaires. Therefore, the analysis of the advantages and disadvantages of these methods is carried out. It is concluded that most methods give only general recommendations that do not allow making a decision on specific tools for improving relationships.
The authors develop a two-stage procedure for the suppliers’ classification. The first stage is carried out based on ABC analysis and the second takes into account two synthesized criteria for evaluating purchased resources and suppliers, which, in particular, include the costs of switching to other resources, the product differentiation level and meeting planning key performance indicators by suppliers. A matrix for the selection of tools to improve suppliers’ relationships in accordance with the results of their segmentation is developed.
This procedure is also tested on the example of a telecommunications company and some effects of implementing selected tool are shown. The limitations associated with the use of the developed tool in practice are determined.
The problem of management is formalized for the first time by purchases as a problem of a choice of the best decision at many criteria. Thus some of private criteria allow to consider demanded risk factors. Possibilities of the decision of problems of this kind on the basis of a method of a tree of decisions are illustrated.
One of the main goal of any industrial company is making profit by producing high quality and competitive products. Mostly, the production of meat industry enterprises are not a complete cycle, companies are divided into farms which are specialized in cultivation of livestock and poultry, slaughters and meet processing plants. The latters are the final link in the chain of supply of animal origin raw materials. For these companies it is important to establish a procurement process so that to have a sufficient number of fresh high-quality resources for production and to minimize losses releated with forced sales, often with a discount, the damage of excessive amount of purchased raw materials and also avoid unnecessary costs associated with their storage. This problem will be discussed in this article.
In this study, for the first time in Russian practice from a large amount of empirical data on state contracts for procurement of goods, works and services, made a major budgetary organization during 2008-2010., Examines factors affecting the decline in trading, delays in supplies, as well as problems in the performance of obligations under the contracts. The analysis showed that a reduction prices at the auctions directly dependent on the number of applications accepted for review by the competitive commissions. Falling prices are more frequent in the procurement of goods and experimental trust (compared to the benefits of the inspection), as well as a state contract for works. However, the prices are much less likely to have been lowered in auctions (compared to purchasing through quotations and tenders). Delays in supplies occurred in 27% of patients and were more frequent in the procurement of experimental benefits, and were characterized for major purchases and state contracts executed during the I-III quarters of the year. More serious problems in the performance of obligations, full fraught with supply disruptions, have characterized the state contracts, culminating in the IV quarter. The overall risk supply disruptions were reported only 5% of purchases at competitive procedures, but on the contracts accounted for nearly half of all purchases of the budget organization in 2008-2010. Based on the analysis in the formulation of recommendations to improve the system of public procurement.
In this article we describe a system allowing companies to organize an efficient inventory management with 40 suppliers of different products. The system consists of four modules, each of which can be improved: demand planning, inventory management, procurement planning and KPI reporting. Described system was implemented in a real company, specializing on perishable products totaling over 600 SKUs. The system helped the company to increase its turnover by 7% while keeping the same level of services.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.
портовый менеджмент, показатели деятельности, анализ эффективности, система учета, распределение издержек, методы анализа деятельности портовой системы
At present many industries reveal tendency for setting up of vertically integrated companies (VIC) the structure of which unites all technological processes. This tendency proved its efficiency in oil industry where coordination of all successive stages of technological process, namely, oil prospecting and production -oil transportation - oil processing - oil chemistry - oil products and oil chemicals marketing, is necessary. The article considers specific features of introduction of "personnel management" module at enterprises of oil and gas industry.
vertically integrated companies; personnel management