Коллектив генерации знаний как объект междисциплинарного научного исследования
The effective generation of new knowledge determines the development of science, technology, and society as a whole. The object of the research is the research team as an actor of knowledge generation. The research team by its nature is the object of interdisciplinary research, which is at the intersection of economics, sociology, scientometrics, and social psychology. On the basis of an analysis of various theoretical and methodological approaches, we formulated our own definition and classification of research teams. Grounding on the institutional approach to the analysis of collective action, a typology of research teams as network organizations has been developed. In addition, the author has divided the costs of knowledge generation into physical and transaction ones. The results of the research are the foundation for further analysis, in particular, the evaluation of the effectiveness of knowledge generation by research teams.
In recent years, the strategic planning of spatial development is becoming increasingly important when making of critical decisions in management and economics. This paper deals with the issues of Russian and international researches in the field of system modeling implementation and how it can be used for support the process of spatial strategic planning in the context of theory of regional economic growth and development. The main goal of this paper is analysis the main domains or areas of system models applying. Scientific methodology of the research is based on system approach and comprehensive consideration of the processes of spatial strategic planning and modeling. Original contribution of the work is classification (typology) of models, used in spatial strategic planning.
In recent years, the strategic spatial planning of regional development is becoming increasingly important when making critical decisions in management and economics. One of the advantages of scientific direction devoted to solving problems related to strategic management of spatial economic systems is its interdisciplinary nature and ability to take advantage of system analysis and synergetic effect in the study of a range of different fields of knowledge. Another distinguishing feature is the synthesis of conceptual categories and methodologies of public sciences, sociology, humanities and technical sciences. Frequently, such decisions involve using adequate system models and appropriate methodological approaches. Hereby, the role and importance of modeling are increasing, particularly in the creation of interdisciplinary databases and forecasting. It is theoretical and empirical study in equal measure. The scientific methodology of the research is system approach and comparative analysis, dynamic principle, and comprehensive consideration of the processes of spatial strategic planning and hybrid modeling. This paper deals with the issues of system modeling implementation and how system models can be used to support the process of spatial strategic planning (SSP) in the context of theory of regional economic growth and development. The main goal of this paper is analysis the main domains of system models application. The paper focuses on a particular group of models and modeling systems – hybrid intelligent models and systems that allow in conditions of uncertainty, incomplete initial data and complex interdependence between elements of investigated spatial regional economics system to evaluate the implications of realization of various scenarios of strategic spatial development. The original contribution of this work is the classification (typology) of models, used in spatial strategic planning of regions. This typology is determined by the models’ complexity and variety of application areas.
This volume is a contribution to the typology of the category of aspect. Its aim is bringing forward new empirical data from languages not yet (widely) covered in typological aspectual investigations and to start or broaden their typological discussion. The articles in the paper are grouped in two sections. The first section is an account of aspectual systems of languages in four linguistic areas, including Europe, the Caucasus, Northeast Eurasia, and Africa and the Americas. The second section focusses on specific aspectual categories in individual languages or cross-linguistically.
The Russian Constructicon project currently prioritizes multi-word constructions that are not represented in dictionaries and that are especially useful for learners of Russian. The immediate goal is to identify constructions and determine the semantic constraints on their slots. The Russian Constructicon is being built in parallel with the Swedish Constructicon and will ultimately model the entire Russian language in terms of constructions at all levels from morpheme to discourse. The contents of the Russian Constructicon will serve learners of the language, linguists researching both language-internal and typological phenomena, and will also serve language technology applications such as spell checkers and automated readability assessment tools.
The work reveals the characteristic features of the contemporary American press, its structure, typology, the system of regulation and self-regulation of the press, the changes took place due to the development of Internet. The article also shows the today situation in the newspapers market of the USA, changes in the activity of the leading American newspapers.
This article is devoted to the study of the population’s ethnic structure in regions of Russia and former RSFSR (Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic) as well as the temporal dynamics of major ethnic groups by means of mathematical and cartographic modelling. Integrated indicators are developed to estimate ethnic diversity in regions of Russia and former RSFSR (ethnic diversity index and its modification – ethnic diversity index adjusted for the ability to speak Russian), and cluster analysis is performed to offer typological classification of Russian regions based on their ethnic composition. Maps are created on the basis of the derived indicators and typological classification. Finally, the estimates of the share of major ethnic groups up to 2030 are provided.
The article examines cultural preconditions for search and classification of the types within theoretical psychology of personality. Special features of the European culture of thinking, cultural conditions of the historic emergence of the personality types, usage of the cultural experience for development of the authors' personality typologies as well as cultural determination and orientation of the personal traits are among them. The model of cultural and psychological typification of the personality relations based on the above preconditions is offered.
Students' internet usage attracts the attention of many researchers in different countries. Differences in internet penetration in diverse countries lead us to ask about the interaction of medium and culture in this process. In this paper we present an analysis based on a sample of 825 students from 18 Russian universities and discuss findings on particularities of students' ICT usage. On the background of the findings of the study, based on data collected in 2008-2009 year during a project "A сross-cultural study of the new learning culture formation in Germany and Russia", we discuss the problem of plagiarism in Russia, the availability of ICT features in Russian universities and an evaluation of the attractiveness of different categories of ICT usage and gender specifics in the use of ICT.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.
портовый менеджмент, показатели деятельности, анализ эффективности, система учета, распределение издержек, методы анализа деятельности портовой системы
At present many industries reveal tendency for setting up of vertically integrated companies (VIC) the structure of which unites all technological processes. This tendency proved its efficiency in oil industry where coordination of all successive stages of technological process, namely, oil prospecting and production -oil transportation - oil processing - oil chemistry - oil products and oil chemicals marketing, is necessary. The article considers specific features of introduction of "personnel management" module at enterprises of oil and gas industry.
vertically integrated companies; personnel management