Основные тенденции на первичном рынке жилой недвижимости: экономико-статистический анализ (на примере города Москвы)
The residential real estate market has a special place in the country's economy. Given the scale and dynamism of the development of this market in Russia, research topics in this area are very extensive and relevant. On the one hand, the development of the residential real estate market involves improving the living standards of the population. On the other hand, players in various markets participate in the housing construction industry, since significant volumes of financial flows are concentrated here.
In the article, the authors provide brief results of a study of the residential real estate market in Russia and Moscow. For a more detailed study, the authors chose the market for new buildings in Moscow, as the most dynamically developing segment of real estate. The dynamics and nature of the measurements of the main indicators of the capital market of primary real estate is explained, first of all, by the legislative changes that have occurred in the construction and banking sectors.
Given the heterogeneous development of the capital market, the authors applied the clustering of districts using the results of comprehensive studies of the primary real estate market of previous years. The article presents the main results of key research in the field of residential real estate. For the study, four groups of factors were identified: the characteristics of the apartment, indicators of transport accessibility, the level of infrastructure development and the state of the environment. The information source was the database of leading real estate companies: CIAN, Metrium, Domofond as of the end of May 2019. As a result of a preliminary analysis of the data, new buildings of the mass segment (economy and class comfort) were identified.
Using typological regression, the authors constructed models of the dependence of the cost per square meter of residential real estate on the market of new buildings in Moscow on a number of factors, the most significant of them were identified. The results of the study presented in the article may be of interest to consulting companies, real estate agencies, employees of the banking sector, as well as local authorities for strategic planning of the development of the real estate market.