The article shows that household consumption and savings functions are non-linear. The consumption level is affected by institutional limitations, both from above and below. Adequate estimation of income distribution efficiency over certain directions is shown to be feasible through market mechanism. Uncertainty, multiplicity and variability of external environment parameters require expert agency assistance for household’s decision-making; economic decision realization presupposes specialized institutions. Optimization of household’s distribution decision requires sufficient level of appropriate market infrastructure development.
Article is devoted to problem solving of a lack of capital resources for realization of project portfolio on basis of revealed laws in financing, budgeting and capital rationing system in the company.
Consumption behavior of Russian households as macroeconomic agent is changing and converging with behavior of populations of developed countries. This agent finances the purchase of goods and services by current income, savings and loan. Repayments of loans, which are generally used to acquire durable goods and services, are distended in time. Consequently, there are factors including loan conditions that influence the formation of households' organized savings. The main idea of this paper is to model savings depending from loans apart from classical macroeconomic research papers in which total income is the most important factor which affects savings. Available statistical data was structured and transformed into necessary format. Three models of Russian households' consumption behavior were constructed for 2004-2014 years. In this work the following methods were used: Engle-Granger methodology for error correction model (ECM), Johansson’s procedure for vector error correction model (VECM), fixed point method for estimation of structural system of equations for savings and loans. Models include the following exogenous and endogenous variables: expenditures, savings, received loans, monetary income, CPI, lending / deposit interest rates. The results demonstrate the existence of positive short-run and negative long-run interconnection between households’ savings and loans; these results are in accordance with real data. Models obtained in this paper can be used in short-run forecasting of Russian households’ savings. They might be also useful while accessing the effect of loan conditions on saving behavior of households.
The issues of choice in traditional psychology exists with the topics of planning and decision making. on influencing of existential psychology the issue of choice becomes connected with personal responsibility and taking on uncertainty, which are closely connected to the personal potential of the subject.
In the domain of personal savings, Russia today is characterised by three main features: quite modest amount of accumulated money (total amount is equal to 12 per cent of GNP; per capita amount of saving is equal to -300), great social and geographical unevenness of savings' distribution (not more than 20 per cent of adult population have got any savings; one-third of all savings are concentrated in Moscow), and a very big portion of money saved in cash form (half of the total amount of savings). A strong propensity to save in cash is determined for the most part by a strong and growing mistrust in private banks and securities. Theoretically speaking, the amount and distribution of savings make it possible to transform into investment about 30-40 per cent of cash savings (-7-10 billion). But mistrust in private financial instruments and structures makes it unreal at least in a short-run prospect.