Неоднородность структурных и динамических характеристик пылевой плазмы в газовом разряде
Wave processes occurring under the interaction of the Earth's magnetosphere with dusty plasma near the lunar surface are studied. Ion-acoustic waves are shown to be excited in some regions of the magnetosphere due to the development of a linear hydrodynamic instability. This results in the excitation of ion-acoustic turbulence in these regions. Dust-acoustic waves are demonstrated to be generated due to the development of linear kinetic instability in the entire region of magnetotail interaction with dusty plasma near the Moon. Correspondingly, dust-acoustic turbulence can be excited in the entire region of the interaction of the Earth's magnetosphere with dusty plasma near the lunar surface. We discuss magnetic reconnection processes, which are related to the development of plasma turbulence at the Moon.
The wave processes that take place under the interaction of the Earth’s magnetosphere with dusty plasma near the lunar surface are considered. It is shown that the waves can be excited for the photoelectron parameters corresponding to the quantum yield of the lunar regolith reported by Willis et al. [Photon and Particle Interactions with Surfaces in Space, Ed. by R. J. L. Grard (Reidel, Dordrecht, 1973), p. 389]. Ion-acoustic waves are excited in the regions of the transient magnetic and/or boundary magnetospheric layers due to the onset of linear hydrodynamic instability, whereas dust-acoustic waves are generated due to the onset of linear kinetic instability in the entire region of magnetotail interaction with dusty plasma near the Moon. In both cases, instability is caused by the relative motion of the magnetospheric ions and charged dust grains. The dynamics of the development of ion-acoustic and dust-acoustic turbulence is investigated. Ion-acoustic turbulence is described in terms of strong turbulence theory, while dust-acoustic turbulence is described in terms of weak turbulence theory. The energy density of oscillations, the effective collision frequencies, and the electric fields arising in the system are determined for both ion-acoustic and dust-acoustic turbulences. It is shown that the development of ion-acoustic turbulence in the dusty plasma system near the Moon can lead to the generation of electric fields that are somewhat weaker than those arising near the lunar surface due to the charging of the Moon’s surface under the action of solar radiation, but still sufficiently strong to affect the electric field pattern above the Moon. The obtained effective collision frequencies should be taken into consideration when deriving hydrodynamic equations for dusty plasma ions with allowance for turbulent plasma heating.
The dynamics of a two-component Davydov-Scott (DS) soliton with a small mismatch of the initial location or velocity of the high-frequency (HF) component was investigated within the framework of the Zakharov-type system of two coupled equations for the HF and low-frequency (LF) fields. In this system, the HF field is described by the linear Schrödinger equation with the potential generated by the LF component varying in time and space. The LF component in this system is described by the Korteweg-de Vries equation with a term of quadratic influence of the HF field on the LF field. The frequency of the DS soliton`s component oscillation was found analytically using the balance equation. The perturbed DS soliton was shown to be stable. The analytical results were confirmed by numerical simulations.
Radiation conditions are described for various space regions, radiation-induced effects in spacecraft materials and equipment components are considered and information on theoretical, computational, and experimental methods for studying radiation effects are presented. The peculiarities of radiation effects on nanostructures and some problems related to modeling and radiation testing of such structures are considered.
This volume presents new results in the study and optimization of information transmission models in telecommunication networks using different approaches, mainly based on theiries of queueing systems and queueing networks .
The paper provides a number of proposed draft operational guidelines for technology measurement and includes a number of tentative technology definitions to be used for statistical purposes, principles for identification and classification of potentially growing technology areas, suggestions on the survey strategies and indicators. These are the key components of an internationally harmonized framework for collecting and interpreting technology data that would need to be further developed through a broader consultation process. A summary of definitions of technology already available in OECD manuals and the stocktaking results are provided in the Annex section.