Обеспечение национальной безопасности Китая на современном этапе (нормативно-правовой аспект)
Article is devoted to a research of questions of standard and legal regulation of some directions of ensuring national security of the Chinese state during being in power of Xi Jinping. Types and the nature of threats of stability of the state which China faces in recent years are noted. First these threats are terrorism, extremism, activity of the western special services seeking to undermine authority of the government in China and to weaken his positions on the international scene. The important direction in the sphere of support of national security is counteraction to illegal activities in the Internet of the Chinese segment. The authorities of the country undertake a number of political and legal measures for restriction of illegal content, the prohibition of operation on the territory of the People’s Republic of China of the largest western Internet resources, the companies and software makers. Thereby the relative safety of content offered for the Chinese audience is reached. The Chinese authorities also take a number of rigid steps for regulation of the religious sphere which, not seldom, is used by foreign forces for counteraction to the existing mode. The ruling party pursues policy of “sinification of religion” which means obligatory compliance of doctrinal dogmatics of socialist ideology with the Chinese specifics. The religious organizations opposing to “sinification” are forbidden, and their members are prosecuted. The analysis of features of standard and legal regulation of ensuring national security of China allows to note that the state faced a number of serious calls and threats, counteraction to which demands from the authorities of acceptance of drastic and drastic measures. At the same time there is a danger that excessive “crackdown” can lead to establishment in the People’s Republic of China of the mode of authoritarianism.