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Article

Использование мысленных экспериментов в современной экспериментальной философии

Рацио.ru. 2018. Т. 19. № 1. С. 53-69.

Thought experiments are widely used nowadays in science and philosophy. Philosophical thought experiments can be distinguished from those spread in science for their critical and problematizing function. They can be described as fictional situations which are employed in order to criticize our use of philosophical concepts, make analogies, raise new questions, demonstrate limits of our theories. These fictional situations have a core function in survey technique used by modern experimental philosophy (x-phi), a recent movement which aim is to study folk philosophical intuitions by empirical methods. In the paper we are going to analyze methodological strategies of experimental philosophy. We are going to demonstrate that the use of fictional situations in survey not only have a little relevance for philosophical understanding of ontological and epistemological concepts, but barely can be compared to thought experiments.